बरेली। जहनों में हाजिरी की जस्तुजू और आला हजरत की मोहब्बत में धड़कते दिल लिए दीवाने चले आए। जिधर नजर उठाओ उधर से जायरीन के जत्थे आते दिखे। कुल की महफिल दोपहर में थी लेकिन उर्स स्थल इस्लामिया मैदान सुबह ही फुल हो गया। इसके बाद इस्लामिया के आसपास चारों तरफ भीड़ ही भीड़ नजर आई। जैसे ही दोपहर कुल की महफिल शुरू हुई, अकीदत का सैलाब जहां का तहां थम गया। शीरीनी पेश की और दुआओं के लिए दरबारे खुदावंदी में हाथ उठ गए
Bareilly :29th Dec 2013
The three day celebration of 95th world famous International Urs or death anniversary of Mujadid Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Qadri has begun in the city of western Utar Paredesh, Bareilly .The programme started previous night with Naat and Manqabat (Poetry in the praise of Holy prophet Hazrat Muhammad S.A.W and other pious personalities) with Lacs of followers including thousand of Islamic Scholars start arriving from various parts of the world.
Born on 14th June, 1856 in the Bareilly city ,the great scholar was given the reverential title of Ala Hazrt-the great wise man. Ahmed Raza Khan wrote on numerous topics, including law, religion, philosophy and the sciences. He was a prolific writer, producing nearly 1,000 works in his lifetime,writing almost on all issues and covering all matters ,he influenced the Muslim masses.He worked to protect the traditional Islam which is attached to Sufism in South Asia and was facing challenge from the changing atmosphere of Islamic world after the establishment Salafi-Wahabi government in the Saudi Arabia.
Ahmed Raza Khan translated the Quran into Urdu, which was first published in 1912 under the title of Kanz ul-Iman a most popular translation of the Holy Quran. One of the finest books written by him is Fatawa Radhvia. It comprises over 12000 pages in 12 volumes. It provides authoritative solutions to thousands of religious and secular problems faced by the Muslims in day-to-day life. All his disciples and followers spread his movement named as Ahle Sunnat Movement which has largest following estimated to up to 2/3 majority of all south Asian Muslims by various sources and institutions across south Asia including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan Nepal, Sri Lanka and in many African and European countries.
The movement is considered a peaceful movement keeping itself largely separated from extremist and terrorist organizations. Its indifferent attitude towards these organizations, their extremist ideologies have made followers of this movement itself victim of the extremist organizations. In Pakistan the movement has lost its major leaders most prominent among them are Mufti Sarafaraz Naeemi of Jamia Naeemia who had issued verdict against Tehreek-e-Taliban and Saleem Qadri ,leader of Sunni Tehreek who was working for the recapturing of Sunni Mosques. In India and many parts of the world movement has raised its strong voice against Terrorism and Extremism.
In this Urs or Death anniversary Chief Sunni Mufti Akhtar Rida Khan Qadri Azhari Mian and Custodian of Dargah Ala Hazrat Maulana Subhanraza Khan Subhani Mian will address the gathering of five lacs of Sunni Muslims of the country. Many prominent Islamic Scholars specially from Arab world and Europe have already reached in the city which is being decorated in a very beautiful manner.
A ‘chadar’ has been offered on Sunday at the Dargah Ala Hazrat Pradesh on behalf of Congress president Sonia Gandhi and vice-president Rahul Gandhi.Gandhi and Rahul presented the ‘chadar’ to be offered at the dargah to a delegation of Muslim clerics and Congress leaders who met the two here on Saturday. While Gandhi has been sending the ‘chadar’ every year, this was the first time that Rahul was also present when the Congress chief presented the ‘chadar’ to the delegation.
Main body of the Dargah which was established by the Ala Hazrat himself , All India Jamat-e-Raza-e-Mustafa has shown anger towards neglect and humiliation of riot victims. It is raising the demand of seedy justice and proper rehabilitation of Muzzafar Nagar riot victims , Passing of communal violence Bill and Muslim reservation, Taslima Nasreen issue.
Hindi and Urdu News papers have published special supplements to celebrate the Urs while many Muslim organizations and publication houses have put their camps and stalls in the ground of Islamia Inter college and on connecting roads .Special arrangements for Buses and Trains have been made by their respective departments. On the final day of the Urs on Monday huge gathering is expected in which various Muslim issues and problems will be discussed by custodian Subhan Raza Khan Subhani Mian. – See more at: http://www.msoofindia.net/2013/12/urs-e-ala-hazrat-imam-ahmed-raza-khan.html#sthash.efkqB2fn.dpuf
The Urs sharif of 2011 Jan 31 was Celebrated with grand success. Click here to Read
More than 5 lakhs Peole attended 90th urs sharif of Ala Hazrat at Bareilly sharif lasted from 20 -22th feb 2009.
IMAM AHMED RAZA AND HIS IMPACT IN THE WORLD TODAY
No tribute to Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) could be complete without understanding the sustained restlessness of the Imam in providing true leadership throughout his life, when he was faced with leading the Muslims in a fragile moment in the history of Islam in the Indo-Pak sub-continent. The continued emergence of false sects like the Qadianis, Wahabis, and other sects which sought to prove that Almighty Allah indulges in falseness – Ma’aazallah, Summa Ma’aazallah – proved a genuine threat when these sects began imitating unsuspecting but uneducated Muslims into their fold. It was against such a background that Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) rose forth to defend the true Islamic principles as a scholarly giant, and in doing so, also succeeded in securing a place in the Urdu language as a literary giant in Na’athia Kalam.
In typical tyrannical behaviour, the envious opponents of the Imam embarked on futile attempts at issuing propaganda aiming to discredit the Imam by labelling him as an “innovator” and “mischief maker”; and announcing that the sole providers of Islamic research in the Indo-Pak sub-continent were the Deobandi Ulema. It is interesting to note that history has proved that the volume of work the Imam had completed in Islamic Research singlehandedly was beyond the capability of the entire Deobandi Ulema to this day.
We thank the Almighty Allah that as He unfolds the truth before the masses. Islamic scholars the world over are recognising the Imam’s superiority in issuing Islamic judicial decrees with incisiveness and substantiated detail. Today, expensive research is being taken on the Imam’s writings and decrees the world over in the Urdu, Persian, Arabic and English languages. Special permissions for such research were made in Birmingham University, England, Holland, India and Pakistan.
Little publicised is the fact that Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) produced more researched decrees in annihilating Bid’at practices in India in the last century than any other scholar. Established anti-Islamic customs in Muslim society were accepted without question until Imam Ahmed Raza started a reform campaign armed with Quranic injunctions and researched Hadith to wipe out such customs.
More than just issuing Fatawas, Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) prepared researched treatises on an academic level on these issues which fast saw the decline of most of the anti-Islamic practices. To this day the Muslim masses benefit from his Fatawa-e-Razvia, Ahkam-e-Shariat, Irfaan-e-Shariat, Al Malfooz, Fatawa-e-Africa, etc. which deal with almost every masaa’il of our day-to-day life.
Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) was very sensitive to the pains and afflictions that befell the Muslim Ummah. In this regard he used every scholarly resource at his disposal to assist the Muslims regain their honour in the face of all anti-Islamic forces.
In his Hada’iq-e-Bakshish he wrote an entire nazm “Soona Jungle” warning the Muslims about safeguarding their Imaan. This Nazm became very popular with the masses as its clear message was arranged in a style that appealed to the masses. It should be the duty of the Ulema and organisers of Meelad to popularise this Nazm in our society as it stirs up the fear of Almighty Allah and the Aakirah in the minds of the listeners.
GREAT BREAKTHROUGH AT THE AL AHZAR UNIVERSITY: The famous Al Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt has granted permission for a graduate to research on the topic of A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) and his services for Hanafi Fiqah. This research is towards the M.Phil. Degree and Mustaq Ahmed Shah of Pakistan is doing this research.
IMAM AHMED RAZA AND MEDICINE (TIBB): Hakeem Mohammed Saeed Dehlwi, the founder of Madinatul Hikmat University, Karachi (Research Centre for Unani Medicine) and owner of Hamdard Dawa Khana did research and compiled A’la Hazrat’s (radi Allahu anhu) theory about medicine. The book is titled, “Imam Ahmed Raza aur Fann Tibb,” and is printed and published in Pakistan.
IMAM AHMED RAZA FOUNDATION: The IARF was recently established in the Kerala State India to research and propagate the teachings of Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu).
NEW TRANSLATIONS OF IMAM AHMED RAZA PUBLISHED: The “Islamic Times” of the U.K. has recently published two articles by A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu). These are: (1) “A Commentary upon Paper Currency Notes,” which was researched and translated by Dr. Muhammad A. Junejo and (2) “Imam Ahmed Raza and Topology,” by Dr. Abdul Naim Azizi of Jasoli, Bareilly Shareef.
HISTORIC A’LA HAZRAT MAZAAR STAMP PRINTED BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA: The Postal Services Department of the Indian government have acknowledged the Islamic and Academic services of the great Mujaddid (Reviver) of Islam, A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaderi (radi Allahu anhu). They have printed a new Indian stamp portraying the Mazaar Shareef of A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) in full colour. The words “A’la Hazrat Barelvi” have been printed along the side of the stamp in English and Hindi. This stamp is currently being sold at all Post Offices in India. This is India’s way of saluting a great genius and Islamic scholar of his time, A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu).
RESEARCH WORK ON IMAM AHMED RAZA KHAN: Hazrat Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan, an eminent jurist, also known as A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) was born at Bareilly, India in 1856. He completed the Holy Quran at the age of four and became astonishingly well-versed in more than fifty branches of learning, pertaining to Ancient Sciences, Current Sciences and Oriental Learnings and left contributions in all these academic disciplines.
At Makkah Mu’azzama and Madina Munawwara, he was visited by many scholars who received diplomas and fatawas from him. Due to his distinction in this field, the Islamic world acknowledged him as a great Jurist. The renowned poet of the East, Dr. Allama Iqbal, remarked, “Such a genius and intelligent Jurist did not emerge.” Despite being well-versed in scores of branches of knowledge, he restricted his interest to the following branches:
In short, he was a Jurist, Theologian and a Reformer whose life revolved around the motto “Love the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).” In recognition of this eminent personalities life, the following researches are being carried out by these individuals, amongst others:
RESEARCH AND TRANSLATION OF A’LA HAZRAT’S WORKS:A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu), the Muslim Revivalist (Mujaddid) of the previous Islamic Century, wrote and compiled numerous commentaries and treatises on various topics. As an author, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaderi (radi Allahu anhu) has left to his credit more than a thousand books on fifty different subjects ranging from Tafseer, Logic, Grammar, Literature, Islamic Jurisprudence, Education, Sociology, Astronomy, Mathematics, Physics, History, Science of History, Engineering, Biographies, Philosophy, Mysticism to Persian, Arabic, Urdu and Hindi Literature. His poetry includes such works as “Mustapha Jaan-e-Rahmat.” At present, many Islamic and Western universities, colleges and Darul Uloom’s, throughout the world, are researching and translating the works of this great Muslim scholar. Some of the countries in which research is being carried out are: India, Pakistan, United States of America, England, Holland, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and South Africa. Perhaps one of his more famous scientific theories lies in his proof that the sun and other bodies revolve around the earth!
UNIVERSITIES CONDUCTING RESEARCH ON A’LA HAZRAT’S WORKS: More than twenty five Universities throughout the world are actively researching the works of the great Islamic Scholar and Saint, A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu). “KANZUL IMAAN” NOW AVAILABLE: “Kanzul Imaan”, the internationally renowned Urdu translation of the Holy Quran by A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaderi (radi Allahu anhu) has been translated into the English language by many Islamic scholars. This momentous task was first undertaken by Professor Fatimi, a highly acclaimed academic of the University of Kuwait. He had it published in Karachi, Pakistan. The second translation was undertaken by Professor Shah Fareedul Haq of Pakistan and was published in India and Pakistan. The commentary notes on “Kanzul Imaan” by Sadrul Faadhil, Maulana Na’eemuddeen Muradabadi (rahmatullah alaihi) has been translated into the English language by Dr. Professor Majeedullah of Lahore, Pakistan. A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza’s (radi Allahu anhu) translation of the Holy Quran – “Kanzul Imaan” – is now available from our offices. This translation of the Holy Quran is in the English language, but is without a commentary (Tafseer). It is a must in every Muslim home.
KANZUL IMAAN IN SINDHI: The Urdu translation of the Quran, “Kanzul Imaan” by A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) has been translated into the Sindhi language by Mufti Muhammad Raheem Sikandari.
KANZUL IMAN – HOLY QURAN IN CREOLE LANGUAGE: In Mauritius A’la Hazrat’s Kanzul Iman has been translated into the Creole language, thanks to the combined effort of Maulana Mansoor and Maulana Najeeb of Mauritius. This historic translation of the Holy Quran was first published on 17-01-96 under the guidance and patronage of the Khatib of the Jaame Masjid Mauritius, Hazrat Allama Shameem Ashraf Azhari. Many Ulema and politicians also partook in this great service. The translation was greatly welcomed and accepted by all
NEW RESEARCH MATERIAL ON A’LA HAZRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU): Three new research thesis on A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) by Professor Dr. Muhammad Mas’ood Ahmad was published in Pakistan. Two of his books, viz. “Fundamental Faith of Islam” and “Imam Ahmad Raza – The Reformer of the Muslim World”, are in English and one in Arabic. Whilst numerous books and research on A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) has been published in Urdu, only a limited material is available in English and Arabic. This move is, therefore, greatly encouraged. (Ashrafia Monthly Mubarakpur)
PH.D ON A’LA HADRAT: Twenty-one (21) Scholars in Pakistan have completed their research works on A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and have received their Doctrate. Amongst them were:
T.V. DOCUMENTARY ON A’LA HAZRAT: An investigative and informative documentary on the life and services of A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) was broadcast by the National Pakistan Television. It was featured as a special programme of “Television Encyclopedia.” This programme was unanimously applauded and due to popular public demand it was presented once again on the occasion of Urs-e-Razvi. Consequently, a learned and well-known scholar of “Razviat,” Sayyed Aarif Ali Razvi, of Kalyaan Bombay has exhorted the Doordarshan, India’s state television channel, to present an indepth documentary on the life of Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu).
A’LA HAZRAT’S HISTORY INCLUDED IN ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Islamic book publications section of the Punjab University is to launch a new Urdu Encyclopedia of Islam. In the 10th volume, pages 278 to 287, incorporates a brief history of the life and works of A’la Hazrat, Imam-e-Ahle Sunnat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). This brief history was prepared by Professor Dr Muhammad Ma’sud Ahmed, M.A. Phd., on the request of Dr.Sayed Abdullah.
RESEARCH ON A’LA HAZRAT’S “FAUZ-E-MOBEEN”: Scientists from the Allama Iqbal Open University in Islamabad have taken a keen interest in researching A’la Hazrat’s (radi Allahu anhu) “Fauz-e-Mobeen” which deals with the movement of the sun and planets around the earth. At present, research is about to commence on the subject.
CHRISTIAN CONVERTS TO ISLAM AFTER READING “KANZUL IMAAN”: In 1974, Dr. Hannif Faatimi of London University brought the Professor of Kuwait an English translation of “Kanzul Imaan” (A’la Hazrat’s translation of the Holy Quran) for printing. Prof. Faatimi at that time had met a Christian scholar who had revealed that he was interested in reading more about Islam. Prof. Faatimi was two-minded about giving him an English copy of Kanzul Imaan. Eventually, he gave him a copy to read. The Christian scholar, after reading this translation, accepted Islam.
SUNNI BOOKS AVAILABLE FROM RAZA ACADEMY – UNITED KINGDOM 1. Why I accepted Islam by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 2. Islam and Punishment by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 3. Eid Milad an Nabi by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 4. Islam and the Limits of Science by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 5. Importance of Truth of Holy Quran by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 6. The World Importance of Imam Ahmed Raza by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 7. Imam Ahmed Raza and British Converts to Islam by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 8. The Prophet of Mankind by Prof. G.D. Qureshi 9. Islamic Concept of Knowledge by Imam Ahmed Raza 10. Parents Obligations to Children by Imam Ahmed Raza 11. Sunni Islam and the Rule of Allah Alone by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 12. The Roots of Islamic Fundamentalism by Dr. Muhammad Rizvi 13. Sufism in Perspective by Imam Ahmed Raza 14. The World Importance of Ghaus-al-Azam Hazrat Sheikh Muhyiddin Abdul Qadir Jilan (radi Allahu anhu) by Dr. Muhammad Haroon Write to: Raza Academy, 16 Carmichael Street, Edgeley, Stockport SK3 9JX, United Kingdom NEW SUNNI BOOKS FROM LONDON The Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (London) has published three new books: (1) Satanic Scholars (2) The Greater Majority – The Group of Salvation (3) Did the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) possess a shadow? To obtain these books send and other free literature send a large SASE to: Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (South London), P.O. Box 4281, London, SW18 1EF, U.K.
SUNNI BOOKS AVAILABLE FROM OVERSEAS: IDARA-E-MAS’UDIA – PAKISTAN 1. The Novelties (English Version of the Urdu treatise “Na’iy Na’iy Batain”) by Dr. Muhammad Mas’ud Ahmed M.A., Ph.D., Gold Medalist 2. Respect and Reverence (English Version of the Urdu treatise “Ta’zim-o-Tawqir”) by Dr. Muhammad Mas’ud Ahmed 3. Eids of Eids (Festivity above all Festivities) by Dr. Muhammad Mas’ud Ahmed 4. Spiritual Significance of Affinity (English Version of the Urdu treatise “Nisbaton Ki Baharain”) by Dr. Muhammad Ma’sud Ahmed 5. The Knowledge of the Unseen (English Version of the Urdu Treatise “I’lm-i-Ghayb”) by Dr. Muhammad Mas’ud Ahmed Available from: Idara-e-Mas’udia, 6/2, 5-E Nazimabad, Karachi – 74600, Sindh, Pakistan
Tel.: (704) 544-3337 , Email: email@example.com
Visiting Assistant Professor of History, Wingate University
Part time Lecturer, Queens University of Charlotte
Ph.D. History (1990) Columbia University Awarded with Distinction.
Dissertation: “In the Path of the Prophet: Maulana Ahmad Riza Khan Barelwi and the Ahl-e Sunnat wa Jamaat Movement in British India, c. 1870-1921”
Committee Chair: Prof. William R. Roff.
M Phil. History, Columbia University
South Asia and Southeast Asia
MA in Southeast Asian Studies, University of Kent at Canterbury, UK
BA (Honors) in Sociology, minor in Economics, Delhi University, India
CURRENT RESEARCH INTERESTS
Ahl-i Sunnat or “Barelwi” Madrasas in South Asia.
“Traditionalist” reformist women, especially those of the Ahl-i Sunnat or Barelwi movement, through the study of the “Sunni Bihishti Zewar” and related texts.
Connections between the sufi elements of Shah Wali Allah’s thought and the Ahl-i Sunnat movement.
Ahmad Riza Khan: In the Path of the Prophet. Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 2005.
Devotional Islam and Politics in British India: Ahmad Riza Khan Barelwi and His Movement, 1870-1920. 2nd edition. New York and Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999.
- “Ahl-e Sunnat Madrasas: The Madrasa Manzar-e Islam, Bareilly, and Jamia Ashrafiyya, Mubarakpur.” In Jamal Malik ed., Madrasas in South Asia. Routledge, forthcoming 2008.
- “Sufi Ritual Practice among the Barkatiyya Sayyids of U.P.: Nuri Miyan’s Life and Urs, Late Nineteenth – Early Twentieth Centuries.” In Barbara D. Metcalf, ed., Islam in South Asia in Practice. Series ed. Donald S. Lopez, Jr. Princeton University Press, forthcoming.
“Ahmad Riza Khan Barelwi.” Encyclopedia of Islam, 3rd edition. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2007.
- “Tourists, Pilgrims and Saints:The Shrine of Mu`in al-Din Chishti of Ajmer” In Carol Henderson and Maxine Weisgrau, eds., Raj Rhapsodies: Tourism, Heritage and the Seduction of History. Ashgate Publishing Ltd., U.K., 2007.
- “Barelwis.” In Jane D. McAuliffe, ed., Encyclopedia of the Quran, vol. 1, pp. 201-203. Leiden:E. J. Brill, 2002.
- “The [Re-]Construction of South Asian Muslim Identity in Queens, New York.” In Carla Petievich, ed., The Expanding Landscape: South Asians and the Diaspora, pp. 141-152. New Delhi: Manohar, 1999.
- “Generational Changes in the Leadership of the Ahl-e Sunnat Movement in North India during the Twentieth Century.” Modern Asian Studies 32, 3 (1998): 635-656.
- “Are Wahhabis Kafirs? Ahmad Riza Khan Barelwi and His Sword of the Haramayn.” In Muhammad Khalid Masud, Brinkley Messick, and David S. Powers, eds., Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and Their Fatwas, pp. 204-213. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.
- “Barelwis.” In John L. Esposito, ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, vol. 1, pp. 200-203. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
- “Pir, Shaikh, and Prophet: The Personalization of Religious Authority in Ahmad Riza Khan’s Life.” In Contributions to Indian Sociology 28, 1 (1994): 35-66. (Also published in T. N. Madan, ed., Muslim Communities of South Asia: Culture, Society, and Power, pp. 405-428. New Delhi: Manohar, 1995.)
- ACCESSING PUBLICATIONS
The book, “Devotional Islam and Politics in British India: Ahmad Riza Khan Barelwi and His Movement, 1870-1920” is currently out of print. Efforts are under way to get it republished in India. An Urdu translation is also planned.
The book, “Ahmad Riza Khan: In the Path of the Prophet” is part of a series of short books on Muslim leaders and thinkers worldwide, called “Makers of the Muslim World.” The series editor is Patricia Crone. This is available on Amazon.com or Amazon.co.uk in hardcover.
Most of the articles are in books that are available from Amazon.com or from oup.com/us
He is Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, ‘Atiq ibn Abi Quhafa, Shaykh al-Islam, ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Uthman ibn ‘Amir al-Qurashi al-Taymi (Radiallahu anhu) (d. 13H). Alone among the companions, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Radiallahu anhu) led the community in prayer in the lifetime of the Prophet (Sallallahu Walaihi Wassallam). [As narrated from Abu Musa al-Ash’ari by Bukhari and Muslim. Note: Abu Bakr did not lead the Prophet (Sallallahu Walaihi Wassallam) in prayer. When the Prophet (Sallallahu Walaihi Wassallam) came out to pray in congregation for the last time, Abu Bakr moved to give him his place as Imam, but the Prophet (Sallallahu Walaihi Wassallam) told him to stay where he was and prayed sitting to the left of Abu Bakr] Umar faith outweighs the faith of the entire Umma.” [Narrated by Umar with a sound chain by Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak in al-Zuhd, al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Iman and al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi in Nawadir al-Usul. The Prophet said “I am excused, before each of my friends, of any intimate friendship with anyone. But if I were to take an intimate friend, I would take Ibn Abi Quhafa (Abu Bakr) as my intimate friend. Verily, your Companion is the intimate frend of Allah!” [Narrated from Ibn Mas’ud by al-Tirmidhi who said it is hasan sakeh] The Prophet said “It is impermissible for a people among whom is Abu Bakr , to be lead by other than him.” [Narrated from A’isha by al-Tirmidhi who said it is hasan] The Prophet said “Take for your leaders those who come after me: Abu Bakr and Umar .” [Narrated from Hudhayfa and Ibn Mas’ud by Ahmad with several good chains, al-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Majah. Al-Tirmidhi said it is hasan) The Prophet said to Abu Darda’ “Do not walk infront of your better. Verily, Abu Bakr is the best of those upon whom the sun rose or set.” [Narrated from Abu al-Darda’ by al-Tabarani and Ibn ‘Asakir with a fair chain.]
said: “Abu Bakr’s
EVILS OF DISCARDING TAQLID –
The acceptance without proof of a statement of another on the belief that the statement is being made in accordance with facts and proof (daleel) is called Taqleed.
Hadhrat Aswaad Bin Yazid Rathi Allahu anhu narrates:
” Hadhrat Mu’aath ( Rathi Allahu ta ala anhu ) came to us in Yemen as a teacher and commander. We questioned him regarding a man who had died leaving (as his heir) a daughter and a sister. He decreed half the estate for the daughter and half for the sister. This was while Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Sallim was alive.” Bukhari and Muslim
From this hadith Shareef we can see that Taqleed was in vogue during the time of Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim. The questioner (in the hadith) didn’t ask for proof from Holy Qur’an and Sunnah. He accepted the ruling on the integrity, piety and righteousness of Hadhrat Mu’aath lbn Jabal Rathi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. This is a perfect example of Taqleed. This hadith proves that the concept of Taqleed Shakhsi (accepting a ruling on Islamic law without asking for proof) has been around since the time of Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Sallim. Holy Last Nabiyy Sall Allahu alaihi wa Sallim had appointed Hadhrat Mu’aath Rathi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu to provide religious instruction to the people of Yemen.
It is therefore evident that Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Sallim granted the people of Yemen the right and permission ( lthn ) to follow the Mathhab of Hadhrat Mu’aath Rathi Allahu ta ‘ala anh in all affairs of Deen.
The evil ‘ulama dare not outright attack the principles of Taqleed so they attack It by saying that the followers of a Mathhab must know the proof upon which the ruling of the Mathhab is based, and to accept the ruling without proof is shirk (to worship someone or something beside Allahu ta ‘ala ).
“The Wahhabi book “Fath-ul- Majeed” says on It Its 66, 107 and 386th pages that it is necessary to do Ijtihaad in every time. It says on its 387 and 390th pages that those who follow a Mathhab should know the proofs of their Mathhab. If they do not know they become polytheists. On Its 432nd page, it contradicts itself by saying that the ignorant cannot do Ijtihaad (draw rules of how to practice Deen directly from Holy Qur’an and Hadith)
There is ample proof that in this day and age when most of the people are concerned with this worldly life and suffer from Hubb-e-Dunya ( love of the World ) and follow the dictates of the lower desires, if left alone to make decisions for themselves the vast majority would judge according to that which of course appeals to the lower desires. This is evident even among the so- called ‘Ulama who have strayed from the path and because of Hubb-e-Dunya write fataawa for deviated and fasiq governments in Muslim countries. Making Heal Hiram and making Haraam Halaal, they declare Muslims as kuffar while accepting funds from their corrupt masters for their work. These individuals think they are on par with the true ‘Ulama and the pious Shaikhs while shunning even the most basic of Islamic duties.