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Tag Archives: Bareilly

The Sacred Knowledge of AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylawi (Alayhir Rahmah)

30 Dec

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The Great Imaam and Mujaddid, Sayyiduna AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) was only 4 years old when he completed the recitation of the Holy Qur’an. Due to the extraordinary intelligence bestowed upon him by Almighty ALLAH, AlaHadrat Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu completed his Islamic Education at the very young age of 13 years, 10 months and 5 days.

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The Illustrious Teachers of Imaam Ahmad Rida
 

AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) gained his basic knowledge at home. He later continued his studies under the guidance of certain noted teachers. He studied under his father, Hadrat Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu). He completed his primary education by Janab Mirza Ghulam Qadir Baig, by whom he studied the book, “Mizaan-e-Munsha’ab.” AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) also studied under the guidance of the following luminous personalities:

 

1. Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Ali Rampuri (Radi Allahu Anhu)
2. Shaykh al-Kabeer, Hadrat Allama Syed Shah Abul Hussain Ahmad Noori (Radi Allahu Anhu)
3. Shaykh al-Tariqah, Hadrat Allama Shah Ale Rasool Mahrahrwi (Radi Allahu Anhu)
4. Shaykh Ahmad bin Zain Dahlaan al-Makki (Radi Allahu Anhu)
5. Shaykh Abdur Rahman Makki (Radi Allahu Anhu), and
6. Shaykh Hussain bin Saleh Makki (Radi Allahu Anhu)

 
AlaHadrat and the Ulama of Haramain


When AlaHadrat went to perform his first HAJJ and Zyarah on the 26th of Shawwal 1295 A.H. (1876). He was only 20 years old at that time. One day, after completing his Hajj, he went to perform his Maghrib Salaah before the Maqaam-e-Ibrahim (Alaihis Salam). Having completed his Salaah, the Imam of the Shafi’ee order of Makkatul Mukarramah, Allama Hussain bin Saleh Kamaal (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu), approached him. He clutched AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) by his hand and led him to his house. The great Imam then placed his hand on the blessed forehead of AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) and said:

 

“Verily, I am observing the Noor of Almighty Allah on this forehead.”


Without hesitation, he blessed AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) with the Sanad (Certificate) of Sihah Sitta (Six Compilers of Hadith: Bukhari, Muslim, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood, Tirmizi and Nisa’i). He also began addressing AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) by the title of “Dia al-Din” or “The Light or Splendour of Deen.” The speciality of this Sanad is that it has only Eleven (11) levels to Imam Bukhari.

AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) was also blessed with the Asnaad (Certificates) of Hadees o Fiqah, Usool o Tafseer and etc. from the Mufti of the Hanafi order in Makkatul Mukarramah, Sayyiduna Allama Abdur Rahmaan Siraaj Hanafi and Mufti of the Shafi’ee order in Makkatul Mukarramah, Mufti Shaykh Sayyad Ahmad Dahlaan Shafi’ee (Radi Allahu Anhuma).

When he went for his Second Hajj in 1323/1905, he stayed for three months in the Holy Land and constantly searched for anyone who had higher-ranking Sanad of Hadith then His Sanad of Hadith. He wanted to take it from him and elevate His existing Sanad of Hadith. But Alhamdulillah! His Sanad was the highest and everyone took Sanads from him. Shaykh Abd al-Rahmaan Dah’laan, the youngest son of Shaykh Ahmed Dah’laan and his elder brother, Shaykh Asad Dah’laan (Qaadi of Makkah at that time) both took Sanad of Hadith from him too. And Shaikh Saaleh Kamal, the most Knowledgable Scholar of Makkah at that time, though he was a senior Aalim, but he insisted in taking Sanad-e-Hadith and other Ijazah from AlaHadrat. AlaHadrat tried to evade this for a few days in respect but it was in vain. Shaikh Saaleh Kamal constantly insisted and forced AlaHadrat to issue them to him.


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The Ulama of Arab who praised Imam Ahmad Rida


Following is the list of some of the Giants and Celebrated ‘Ulama and Imams of the Arab World who highly praised Imam Ahmad Rida and acknowledged his books and teaching as strictly in accordance to the Shariah and the tenants of the Ahlus-Sunnah wa Jama‘ah:

 

1. Shaykh Muhammad Sa’eed bin Muhammad Salam Ba Busail
2. Shaykh Ahmad bin Abdullah Abu al Khair Mirdad
3. Shaykh Muhammad Saleh bin Sadiq Kamal
4. Shaykh ‘Ali bin Sadiq Kamal
5. Maulana Shah Muhammad Abdul Haq Alahabadi Muhajar Makki
6. Shaykh Sayyid Muhammad Marzooqi Abu-Hussain bin Abdur Rehman Hussaini
7. Shaykh Umer bin abuBakr ba Junaid
8. Shaykh Muhammad ‘Abid bin Husain Maliki
9. Shaykh Muhammad ‘Ali bin Hussain Maliki
10. Shaykh Muhammad Jamal bin Muhammad Amir bin Hussain Maliki
11. Shaykh As’ad bin Ahmad Dahlaan
12. Shaykh Abdur Rehman bin Ahmad Dahlaan
13. Maulana Ahmad bin Muhammad Ziaudin Bengali Qadri Chishti
14. Shaykh Muhammad bin Yusaf Khiat
15. Shaykh Muhammad Saleh bin Muhammad ba Fazl
16. Shaykh Abdulkarim bin Hamza Daghastani Hashmi Naji
17. Shaykh Muhammad Sa’id bin Muhammad Yamani
18. Shaykh Muhammad Hamid bin Ahmad bin ‘Auz Jadawi
19. Shaykh Uthman bin Abdus Salam Daghastani
20. Shaykh Sayyid Muhammad Sa’eed bin Muhammad Maghrabi
21. Shaykh Muhammad bin Ahmad Umeri Wasti
22. Shaykh Sayyid Abbas bin Muhammad Ridwan
23. Shaykh Umer bin Hamdan Mahrasi
24. Shaykh Sayyid Ahmad bin Isma‘il Barzanji
25. Shaykh Abdul Qadir Taufiq Shalabi
26. Shaykh Sayyid Isma‘il bin Khalil
27. Shaykh Muhammad Yusuf Afghani
28. Shaykh Muhammad Tajuddin bin Mustafa Ilyas
29. Shaykh Sayyid Ahmad al Jazairi
30. Shaykh Khalil bin Ibrahim Kharbuti
31. Shaykh Sayyid Muhammad bin Muhammad Habib Didawi
32. Shaykh Muhammad bin Muhammad Sosi Khiari
33. Shaykh Muhammad Uzayr Wazir [Alaihim ar-raHma wa ar-Ridwan]

 
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Branches of Knowledge
 

Imam Ahmad Rida studied under various teachers but with personal study, he perfected himself in more than 54 different disciplines of knowledge. The following 21 branches of Knowledge he learnt from his father:-

 

1. Ilm-al-Quran (Knowledge of the Quran)
2. Ilm-al-Hadith (Knowledge of Traditions)
3. Usul-e-Hadith (Principle of Traditions)
4. Fiqh-e-Hanafi (Hanfi Jurisprudence)
5. Kutub-e-Fiqh Jumla (All Books of Jurisprudence)
6. Usul-e-Fiqh (Principle of Jurisprudence)
7. Jadl-e-Muhazab.
8. Ilm-e-Tafseer (Knowledge of Exegesis of the Holy Quran)
9. Ilm-al Kalam (Scholastic theology)
10. Ilm-e-Nahav (Syntax)
11. Ilm-e-Sarf (Grammar, Accidence and Etymology)
12. Ilm-e-Maani (Elocution)
13. Ilm-e-Badi (Style)
14. Ilm-e-Bayan (Rhetoric)
15. Ilm-e-Mantique (Logic)
16. Ilm-e-Munazara (Dialectic)
17. Ilm-e-Takseer (Carrying figures)
18. Ilm-e-Falsafa (Philosophy)
19. Ilm-e-Hay’at (Astronomy)
20. Ilm-e-Hisab (Arithmetic)
21. Ilm-e-Hindasa (Geometry)

Following are the 10 disciplines of knowledge, which AlaHadrat haven’t studied under any teacher but he had the Ijazat in these from discerning Ulama and He use to give Ijaza in these disciplines too.

 

22. Qirat (Recitation of the Quran)
23. Tajwid (Knowledge of Right pronunciation of the Quran.
24. Tasauwuf (Mysticism)
25. Suluk (Knowledge of manner in mystic)
26. Akhlaque (Ethics)
27. Asma-ul-Rajaal (Encyclopaedia of Narrators of Traditions)
28. Siyar (Biography)
29. Tawarikh (Chronology)
30. Loghat (Lexicon)
31. Adab-Ma-Jumla Funoon (Literature with all Arts)

Following are the 14 disciplines of Knowledge that Imam Ahmad Rida haven’t learnt by any teachers:-

 

32. Arsamatiqi (Arithmetic)
33. Jabr-o-Muqabilah (Algebra)
34. Ilm-e-Tauqeet (Timings)
35. Logharsimat (Logarithms)
36. Hisab-e-Satini
37. Manazir-o-Maraya (sense & sight)
38. Ilm-ul-Ukur (spheres)
39. Zijaat (Astronomical tables)
40. Muthallath Kurvi (Spherical Trigonometry)
41. Muthallath Musattah (Plane Trigonometry)
42. Haiyate Jadeedah (Modern Astronomy)
43. Jafr (Numerology & literology)
44. Murabba’at (Quadrangular)
45. Za’icha (Horoscopes)

 

Following are the 10 branches of learning that he has received by the Heavenly Blessing inspired directly into his heart:

 

46. Nazm-e-Arabi (Arabic Poetry)
47. Nazm-e-Farsi (Persian Poetry)
48. Nazm-e-Hindi (Hindi Poetry)
49. Nathr-e-Urdu (Urdu Prose)
50. Nathre-Farsi (Persian Prose)
51. Nathre Arabi (Arabic Prose)
52. Khat-e-Naskh (Arabic Calligraphy)
53. Khat-e-Nastalique (Persian Calligraphy)
54. Tilawat ma’a Tajwid (Recitation of the Holy Quran with right pronunciation)
55. Ilm-e-Meeras (Knowledge of Inheritance)


Note:- Sayyidi AlaHadrat learnt Ilm-e-Takseer and Ilm-e-Jafr from Hadrat Abul Hussain Ahmed-e-Noori too but it was just to an extant not in depth as such.


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The branches of knowledge of Imam Ahmad Rida, are more than 60. Here they are arranged according to the syllabus of Jamias & Universities written as under :-

 

1. Jurisprudence
2. Principle of Jurisprudence.
3. Lexicon of jurisprudence
4. Hadith
5. Principle of Hadith
7. Encyclopaedia of Hadith
7. Critical examination of Hadith.
8. Exegesis
9. Principle of Exegesis.
10. Scholastic theology
11. Islameology
12. Recitation of the Quran with right pronunciation.
13. Knowledge of the Quran & art of its translation
14. Dialectic.
15. Syntax & Etymology
16. Rhetoric and style & elocution
17. Linguistic and lexicon
18. Phonetic
19. Urdu prose
20. Arabic Prose
21. Persian Prose
22. Arabic poetry
23. Persian Poetry
24. Urdu poetry
25. Hindi poetry.
26. Explanation, criticism & appreciation
27. Prosody
28. Mysticism
29. Metaphysics
30. Incantation & Invocation
31. Jafr (Literology & Numerology)
32. Carrying the figures (Takseer)
33. Ethics
34. Logic
35. Philosophy
36. Psychology
37. Chronology & Biography
38. Sociology
39. Economics
40. Education
41. Political Science
42. Commerce
43. Banking
44. Arithmetic & Computation
45. Algebra (Factorization, equation of any degree, exponential series, Binomial theorem, set theory, Topology, Tensorial algebra)
46. Plane Trigonometry Euclidean logarithms
47. Spherical Trigonometry.
48. Euclidean Geometry
49. Coordinate Geometry
50. Timings
51. Horoscopes
52. Astronomy & Astronomical Tables
53. Hisab e Satini
54. Statistics
55. Dynamics
56. Statics
57. Hydro Dynamics
58. Hydrostatics
59. Zoology
60. Botany
61. Geology
62. Geography
63. Horticultise
64. Unani (Greek) Medicine
65. Physiology
66. Inorganic Chemistry
67. Organic Chemistry
68. Physical Chemistry
69. Bio Chemistry etc.


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Courtesy:
Imam Ahmad Raza Academy
Durban, South Africa | www.raza.org.za
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2013-14 Urs-e-Imam-e-Ahle Sunnat Ala Hazrat started in the Bareilly city of India

29 Dec

Bareilly :29th Dec 2013 
Admin 

The three day celebration of 95th world famous International Urs or death anniversary of Mujadid Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Qadri has begun in the city of western Utar Paredesh, Bareilly .The programme started previous night with Naat and Manqabat (Poetry in the praise of Holy prophet Hazrat Muhammad S.A.W and other pious personalities) with Lacs of followers including thousand of Islamic Scholars start arriving from various parts of the world.

Sunni,Sufi

Ala Hazrat Urs 2013-14

Born on 14th June, 1856 in the Bareilly city ,the great scholar was given the reverential title of Ala Hazrt-the great wise man. Ahmed Raza Khan wrote on numerous topics, including law, religion, philosophy and the sciences. He was a prolific writer, producing nearly 1,000 works in his lifetime,writing almost on all issues and covering all matters ,he influenced the Muslim masses.He worked to protect the traditional Islam which is attached to Sufism in South Asia and was facing challenge from the changing atmosphere of Islamic world after the establishment Salafi-Wahabi government in the Saudi Arabia.

Ahmed Raza Khan translated the Quran into Urdu, which was first published in 1912 under the title of Kanz ul-Iman a most popular translation of the Holy Quran. One of the finest books written by him is Fatawa Radhvia. It comprises over 12000 pages in 12 volumes. It provides authoritative solutions to thousands of religious and secular problems faced by the Muslims in day-to-day life. All his disciples and followers spread his movement named as Ahle Sunnat Movement which has largest following estimated to up to 2/3 majority of all south Asian Muslims by various sources and institutions across south Asia including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan Nepal, Sri Lanka and in many African and European countries.

The movement is considered a peaceful movement keeping itself largely separated from extremist and terrorist organizations. Its indifferent attitude towards these organizations, their extremist ideologies have made followers of this movement itself victim of the extremist organizations. In Pakistan the movement has lost its major leaders most prominent among them are Mufti Sarafaraz Naeemi of Jamia Naeemia who had issued verdict against Tehreek-e-Taliban and Saleem Qadri ,leader of Sunni Tehreek who was working for the recapturing of Sunni Mosques. In India and many parts of the world movement has raised its strong voice against Terrorism and Extremism.

In this Urs or Death anniversary Chief Sunni Mufti Akhtar Rida Khan Qadri Azhari Mian and Custodian of Dargah Ala Hazrat Maulana Subhanraza Khan Subhani Mian will address the gathering of five lacs of Sunni Muslims of the country. Many prominent Islamic Scholars specially from Arab world and Europe have already reached in the city which is being decorated in a very beautiful manner.

A ‘chadar’ has been offered on Sunday at the Dargah Ala Hazrat Pradesh on behalf of Congress president Sonia Gandhi and vice-president Rahul Gandhi.Gandhi and Rahul presented the ‘chadar’ to be offered at the dargah to a delegation of Muslim clerics and Congress leaders who met the two here on Saturday. While Gandhi has been sending the ‘chadar’ every year, this was the first time that Rahul was also present when the Congress chief presented the ‘chadar’ to the delegation.

Main body of the Dargah which was established by the Ala Hazrat himself , All India Jamat-e-Raza-e-Mustafa has shown anger towards neglect and humiliation of riot victims. It is raising the demand of seedy justice and proper rehabilitation of Muzzafar Nagar riot victims , Passing of communal violence Bill and Muslim reservation, Taslima Nasreen issue.

Hindi and Urdu News papers have published special supplements to celebrate the Urs while many Muslim organizations and publication houses have put their camps and stalls in the ground of Islamia Inter college and on connecting roads .Special arrangements for Buses and Trains have been made by their respective departments. On the final day of the Urs on Monday huge gathering is expected in which various Muslim issues and problems will be discussed by custodian Subhan Raza Khan Subhani Mian. – See more at: http://www.msoofindia.net/2013/12/urs-e-ala-hazrat-imam-ahmed-raza-khan.html#sthash.efkqB2fn.dpuf

Hazrat Akhtar Raza Khan,the Chief Mufti of India ,is conferred Pride of Al-Azhar award by Al-Azhar University

2 Jul

Jaansaheene Huzur Mufti e Aazam Conferred the Prestigious “Fakhre Azhar” (Pride of Azhar) Award by Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Aawrd by AlAzhar Uni.cairo

Jaansaheene Huzur Mufti e Aazam Conferred the Prestigious “Fakhre Azhar” (Pride of Azhar) Award by Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt. Jaanasheene Huzur Mufti e Aazam Hazrat Allama Mufti Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari visited Egypt after 40 years where he stayed for 4 days. A magnificent programme was held in his honour in which in the presence of the President of Azhar University Dr Mohammed Saiyad Tantavi, the Vice President His Excellency Mr. Abu Quraisha, The Authority on Islamic Principles His Excellency Taha Jashiud Soqi, Dr fateh Hijazi, Dr Ahmed Rabi Ahmed, Dr Ahmed Mahfooz, Mr. Jamaal Farooq ud Daqaaq, Chief Editor, Mr. Mehboob Habeeb, the Vice Chancellor of the University His Excellency Allama Saiyad Tantavi conferred the “Fakhre Azhar” (Pride of Azhar) award to Hazrat. The Professors and hundreds of students of Azhar University took bait (became disciples) of Hazrat in the chain of Silsila e Aaliya Qadriya Barkaatiya, Razviya, Nooriya. This news was conveyed by the son of taajush shariah Hazrat Maulana Asjad Raza Khan to the gen. Sect of Raza Academy Mohammed Saeed Noori. He also told that Hazrat just returned for a long overseas tour to the Holy Cities of Mecca, Medina, Egypt, Damascus, Dubai and arrived today morning in Delhi where hundreds of people gathered to welcome this great personality of Islam at the Airport. Mohammed Arif Razvi Sect, Raza Academy.

MSO bareilly Unit Students Conference 2008

3 Jan

स्टूडेन्ट कान्फ्रेंस में तालीम पर जोरबरेली, जागरण संवाददाता: कन्जुल इमान इस्लामिक लाईब्रेरी द्वारा शहामतगंज के ताज पैलेस में स्टूडेन्ट कान्फ्रेंस का आयोजन किया गया। इसमें तालीम हासिल करने पर खास जोर रहा। इस अवसर पर मुख्य अतिथि साऊथ अफ्रीका के मौलाना शाह उल हमीद ने इल्म की तालीम पर जोर दिया। उन्होंने कहा कि इल्म के बगैर इंसान का कोई वजूद नहीं। इसमें मौलाना रिजवान रजा खां, सुहैब रजा खां, केरला के जोहेरुद्दीन, दिल्ली के शुजात अली कादरी आदि ने भी सम्बोधित किया। कार्यक्रम के दौरान नातिया मुकाबला भी हुआ। इसके ए-श्रेणी में पहला इनाम हासिल किया मुहम्मद फुरकान आलम ने। दूसरा इनाम साहिबा खानम ने और तीसरे के हकदार बने नवैदुल कादरी। इनको क्रमश: गरीब नवाज, बाबा फरीद और साबिर पाक एवार्ड से नवाजा गया। इसी तरह बी-श्रेणी में मुहम्मद मिसकात हुसैन को पहला, मुहम्मद बिलाल को दूसरा और कमर मुनीर को तीसरा इनाम मिला। इनमें आला हजरत, मुफ्ती आजम हिन्द व सदरउल उलेमा एवार्ड दिये गये। इसके अलावा सी-श्रेणी में मुहम्मद तय्यब रजा पहले, मुहम्मद नईम तहसीनी व तौसीफ रजा खां तीसरे स्थान पर रहे। इन्हें महबूबे इलाही, दाता गंज-ए-शकर व मौलाना शाह आले रसूल एवार्डो से नवाजा गया। इन सभी को मौलाना हस्सान रजा खां ने इनामात से नवाजा। यह कान्फ्रेंस बरेली में मुस्लिम स्टूडेन्ट आर्गेनाइजेशन (एमएसओ) के कायम करने के मौके पर आयोजित की गयी थी। नातिया मुकाबले के निर्णायक मंडल में मुफ्ती कफील अहमद, मुफ्ती फारूख व मुफ्ती सगीर अख्तर आदि रहे। निजामत मौलाना सगीर अख्तर मिसवाही ने की। कार्यक्रम के अयोजन में काशिफ हुसैन साबरी, आमिर तहसीनी के अलावा काशिफ नूरी, जावेद अख्तर, मुहम्मद रजा नूरी, तहसीन, अीबद, इमरान खान, अब्दुल हफीज, मुफ्ती हनीफ खान आदि का सहयोग रहा।

A tribute to Mujadid on his day ; Youm-e-Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan

15 Oct


A’alahazarat

IMAM AHMED RAZA AND HIS IMPACT IN THE WORLD TODAY

No tribute to Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) could be complete without understanding the sustained restlessness of the Imam in providing true leadership throughout his life, when he was faced with leading the Muslims in a fragile moment in the history of Islam in the Indo-Pak sub-continent. The continued emergence of false sects like the Qadianis, Wahabis, and other sects which sought to prove that Almighty Allah indulges in falseness – Ma’aazallah, Summa Ma’aazallah – proved a genuine threat when these sects began imitating unsuspecting but uneducated Muslims into their fold. It was against such a background that Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) rose forth to defend the true Islamic principles as a scholarly giant, and in doing so, also succeeded in securing a place in the Urdu language as a literary giant in Na’athia Kalam.

In typical tyrannical behaviour, the envious opponents of the Imam embarked on futile attempts at issuing propaganda aiming to discredit the Imam by labelling him as an “innovator” and “mischief maker”; and announcing that the sole providers of Islamic research in the Indo-Pak sub-continent were the Deobandi Ulema. It is interesting to note that history has proved that the volume of work the Imam had completed in Islamic Research singlehandedly was beyond the capability of the entire Deobandi Ulema to this day.

We thank the Almighty Allah that as He unfolds the truth before the masses. Islamic scholars the world over are recognising the Imam’s superiority in issuing Islamic judicial decrees with incisiveness and substantiated detail. Today, expensive research is being taken on the Imam’s writings and decrees the world over in the Urdu, Persian, Arabic and English languages. Special permissions for such research were made in Birmingham University, England, Holland, India and Pakistan.

Little publicised is the fact that Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) produced more researched decrees in annihilating Bid’at practices in India in the last century than any other scholar. Established anti-Islamic customs in Muslim society were accepted without question until Imam Ahmed Raza started a reform campaign armed with Quranic injunctions and researched Hadith to wipe out such customs.

More than just issuing Fatawas, Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) prepared researched treatises on an academic level on these issues which fast saw the decline of most of the anti-Islamic practices. To this day the Muslim masses benefit from his Fatawa-e-Razvia, Ahkam-e-Shariat, Irfaan-e-Shariat, Al Malfooz, Fatawa-e-Africa, etc. which deal with almost every masaa’il of our day-to-day life.

Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) was very sensitive to the pains and afflictions that befell the Muslim Ummah. In this regard he used every scholarly resource at his disposal to assist the Muslims regain their honour in the face of all anti-Islamic forces.

In his Hada’iq-e-Bakshish he wrote an entire nazm “Soona Jungle” warning the Muslims about safeguarding their Imaan. This Nazm became very popular with the masses as its clear message was arranged in a style that appealed to the masses. It should be the duty of the Ulema and organisers of Meelad to popularise this Nazm in our society as it stirs up the fear of Almighty Allah and the Aakirah in the minds of the listeners.

GREAT BREAKTHROUGH AT THE AL AHZAR UNIVERSITY: The famous Al Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt has granted permission for a graduate to research on the topic of A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu) and his services for Hanafi Fiqah. This research is towards the M.Phil. Degree and Mustaq Ahmed Shah of Pakistan is doing this research.

IMAM AHMED RAZA AND MEDICINE (TIBB): Hakeem Mohammed Saeed Dehlwi, the founder of Madinatul Hikmat University, Karachi (Research Centre for Unani Medicine) and owner of Hamdard Dawa Khana did research and compiled A’la Hazrat’s (radi Allahu anhu) theory about medicine. The book is titled, “Imam Ahmed Raza aur Fann Tibb,” and is printed and published in Pakistan.

IMAM AHMED RAZA FOUNDATION: The IARF was recently established in the Kerala State India to research and propagate the teachings of Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu).

NEW TRANSLATIONS OF IMAM AHMED RAZA PUBLISHED: The “Islamic Times” of the U.K. has recently published two articles by A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu). These are: (1) “A Commentary upon Paper Currency Notes,” which was researched and translated by Dr. Muhammad A. Junejo and (2) “Imam Ahmed Raza and Topology,” by Dr. Abdul Naim Azizi of Jasoli, Bareilly Shareef.

HISTORIC A’LA HAZRAT MAZAAR STAMP PRINTED BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA: The Postal Services Department of the Indian government have acknowledged the Islamic and Academic services of the great Mujaddid (Reviver) of Islam, A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaderi (radi Allahu anhu). They have printed a new Indian stamp portraying the Mazaar Shareef of A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) in full colour. The words “A’la Hazrat Barelvi” have been printed along the side of the stamp in English and Hindi. This stamp is currently being sold at all Post Offices in India. This is India’s way of saluting a great genius and Islamic scholar of his time, A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu).

RESEARCH WORK ON IMAM AHMED RAZA KHAN: Hazrat Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan, an eminent jurist, also known as A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) was born at Bareilly, India in 1856. He completed the Holy Quran at the age of four and became astonishingly well-versed in more than fifty branches of learning, pertaining to Ancient Sciences, Current Sciences and Oriental Learnings and left contributions in all these academic disciplines.

At Makkah Mu’azzama and Madina Munawwara, he was visited by many scholars who received diplomas and fatawas from him. Due to his distinction in this field, the Islamic world acknowledged him as a great Jurist. The renowned poet of the East, Dr. Allama Iqbal, remarked, “Such a genius and intelligent Jurist did not emerge.” Despite being well-versed in scores of branches of knowledge, he restricted his interest to the following branches:

  1. To support and defend the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
  2. To uproot the innovations prevalent in the Muslim society.
  3. To issue fatawa according to the Hanafi School of Jurisprudence.

In short, he was a Jurist, Theologian and a Reformer whose life revolved around the motto “Love the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).” In recognition of this eminent personalities life, the following researches are being carried out by these individuals, amongst others:

  1. Dr. Usha Saanyaal, Ph.D Colombo University, “Ahmed Raza and the Ahle-Sunnat Wa Jamaat Movement (1921-1947)”, Oxford University, Press, New Delhi.
  2. Dr. Ghulaam Qureshi Dastageer, who translated A’la Hazrat’s Qalaam in English which was published in the “Islamic Times” U.K.
  3. Muhammed Muazzam Ali who wrote “Fundamental Faith of Islam -Treaties of Ahmed Raza”
  4. Prof. J.M. Baljo of Leiden University, Holland, who presented and delivered research material on A’la Hazrat at an international forum.
  5. British scholar, Dr Muhammad Haroon, who has compiled a thesis on “The World Importance of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Bareilly.”

RESEARCH AND TRANSLATION OF A’LA HAZRAT’S WORKS:A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu), the Muslim Revivalist (Mujaddid) of the previous Islamic Century, wrote and compiled numerous commentaries and treatises on various topics. As an author, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaderi (radi Allahu anhu) has left to his credit more than a thousand books on fifty different subjects ranging from Tafseer, Logic, Grammar, Literature, Islamic Jurisprudence, Education, Sociology, Astronomy, Mathematics, Physics, History, Science of History, Engineering, Biographies, Philosophy, Mysticism to Persian, Arabic, Urdu and Hindi Literature. His poetry includes such works as “Mustapha Jaan-e-Rahmat.” At present, many Islamic and Western universities, colleges and Darul Uloom’s, throughout the world, are researching and translating the works of this great Muslim scholar. Some of the countries in which research is being carried out are: India, Pakistan, United States of America, England, Holland, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and South Africa. Perhaps one of his more famous scientific theories lies in his proof that the sun and other bodies revolve around the earth!

UNIVERSITIES CONDUCTING RESEARCH ON A’LA HAZRAT’S WORKS: More than twenty five Universities throughout the world are actively researching the works of the great Islamic Scholar and Saint, A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu). “KANZUL IMAAN” NOW AVAILABLE: “Kanzul Imaan”, the internationally renowned Urdu translation of the Holy Quran by A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaderi (radi Allahu anhu) has been translated into the English language by many Islamic scholars. This momentous task was first undertaken by Professor Fatimi, a highly acclaimed academic of the University of Kuwait. He had it published in Karachi, Pakistan. The second translation was undertaken by Professor Shah Fareedul Haq of Pakistan and was published in India and Pakistan. The commentary notes on “Kanzul Imaan” by Sadrul Faadhil, Maulana Na’eemuddeen Muradabadi (rahmatullah alaihi) has been translated into the English language by Dr. Professor Majeedullah of Lahore, Pakistan. A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza’s (radi Allahu anhu) translation of the Holy Quran – “Kanzul Imaan” – is now available from our offices. This translation of the Holy Quran is in the English language, but is without a commentary (Tafseer). It is a must in every Muslim home.

KANZUL IMAAN IN SINDHI: The Urdu translation of the Quran, “Kanzul Imaan” by A’la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) has been translated into the Sindhi language by Mufti Muhammad Raheem Sikandari.

KANZUL IMAN – HOLY QURAN IN CREOLE LANGUAGE: In Mauritius A’la Hazrat’s Kanzul Iman has been translated into the Creole language, thanks to the combined effort of Maulana Mansoor and Maulana Najeeb of Mauritius. This historic translation of the Holy Quran was first published on 17-01-96 under the guidance and patronage of the Khatib of the Jaame Masjid Mauritius, Hazrat Allama Shameem Ashraf Azhari. Many Ulema and politicians also partook in this great service. The translation was greatly welcomed and accepted by all

NEW RESEARCH MATERIAL ON A’LA HAZRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU): Three new research thesis on A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) by Professor Dr. Muhammad Mas’ood Ahmad was published in Pakistan. Two of his books, viz. “Fundamental Faith of Islam” and “Imam Ahmad Raza – The Reformer of the Muslim World”, are in English and one in Arabic. Whilst numerous books and research on A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) has been published in Urdu, only a limited material is available in English and Arabic. This move is, therefore, greatly encouraged. (Ashrafia Monthly Mubarakpur)

PH.D ON A’LA HADRAT: Twenty-one (21) Scholars in Pakistan have completed their research works on A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and have received their Doctrate. Amongst them were:

  1. Professor Dr Hafiz Abdul Baari Siddiqi
  2. Professor Dr Majeedullah Qaaderi, who is also doing a indepth research on the works of A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). FATAWA RADAWIYYAH: Alhamdulillah, eleven volumes of A’la Hazrat’s (radi Allahu anhu) scholarly work “Fatawa Radawiyyah” has now been published by Darul Uloom Amjadiya under the expert supervision of Qari Raza-ul-Mustapha Azmi. This famous work, which contains hundreds of questions and answers pertaining to almost every aspect of Islamic life, is in the Urdu language. It is available from Sartaj.

T.V. DOCUMENTARY ON A’LA HAZRAT: An investigative and informative documentary on the life and services of A’la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) was broadcast by the National Pakistan Television. It was featured as a special programme of “Television Encyclopedia.” This programme was unanimously applauded and due to popular public demand it was presented once again on the occasion of Urs-e-Razvi. Consequently, a learned and well-known scholar of “Razviat,” Sayyed Aarif Ali Razvi, of Kalyaan Bombay has exhorted the Doordarshan, India’s state television channel, to present an indepth documentary on the life of Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu).

A’LA HAZRAT’S HISTORY INCLUDED IN ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Islamic book publications section of the Punjab University is to launch a new Urdu Encyclopedia of Islam. In the 10th volume, pages 278 to 287, incorporates a brief history of the life and works of A’la Hazrat, Imam-e-Ahle Sunnat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). This brief history was prepared by Professor Dr Muhammad Ma’sud Ahmed, M.A. Phd., on the request of Dr.Sayed Abdullah.

RESEARCH ON A’LA HAZRAT’S “FAUZ-E-MOBEEN”: Scientists from the Allama Iqbal Open University in Islamabad have taken a keen interest in researching A’la Hazrat’s (radi Allahu anhu) “Fauz-e-Mobeen” which deals with the movement of the sun and planets around the earth. At present, research is about to commence on the subject.

CHRISTIAN CONVERTS TO ISLAM AFTER READING “KANZUL IMAAN”: In 1974, Dr. Hannif Faatimi of London University brought the Professor of Kuwait an English translation of “Kanzul Imaan” (A’la Hazrat’s translation of the Holy Quran) for printing. Prof. Faatimi at that time had met a Christian scholar who had revealed that he was interested in reading more about Islam. Prof. Faatimi was two-minded about giving him an English copy of Kanzul Imaan. Eventually, he gave him a copy to read. The Christian scholar, after reading this translation, accepted Islam.

SUNNI BOOKS AVAILABLE FROM RAZA ACADEMY – UNITED KINGDOM 1. Why I accepted Islam by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 2. Islam and Punishment by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 3. Eid Milad an Nabi by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 4. Islam and the Limits of Science by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 5. Importance of Truth of Holy Quran by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 6. The World Importance of Imam Ahmed Raza by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 7. Imam Ahmed Raza and British Converts to Islam by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 8. The Prophet of Mankind by Prof. G.D. Qureshi 9. Islamic Concept of Knowledge by Imam Ahmed Raza 10. Parents Obligations to Children by Imam Ahmed Raza 11. Sunni Islam and the Rule of Allah Alone by Dr. Muhammad Haroon 12. The Roots of Islamic Fundamentalism by Dr. Muhammad Rizvi 13. Sufism in Perspective by Imam Ahmed Raza 14. The World Importance of Ghaus-al-Azam Hazrat Sheikh Muhyiddin Abdul Qadir Jilan (radi Allahu anhu) by Dr. Muhammad Haroon Write to: Raza Academy, 16 Carmichael Street, Edgeley, Stockport SK3 9JX, United Kingdom NEW SUNNI BOOKS FROM LONDON The Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (London) has published three new books: (1) Satanic Scholars (2) The Greater Majority – The Group of Salvation (3) Did the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) possess a shadow? To obtain these books send and other free literature send a large SASE to: Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (South London), P.O. Box 4281, London, SW18 1EF, U.K.

SUNNI BOOKS AVAILABLE FROM OVERSEAS: IDARA-E-MAS’UDIA – PAKISTAN 1. The Novelties (English Version of the Urdu treatise “Na’iy Na’iy Batain”) by Dr. Muhammad Mas’ud Ahmed M.A., Ph.D., Gold Medalist 2. Respect and Reverence (English Version of the Urdu treatise “Ta’zim-o-Tawqir”) by Dr. Muhammad Mas’ud Ahmed 3. Eids of Eids (Festivity above all Festivities) by Dr. Muhammad Mas’ud Ahmed 4. Spiritual Significance of Affinity (English Version of the Urdu treatise “Nisbaton Ki Baharain”) by Dr. Muhammad Ma’sud Ahmed 5. The Knowledge of the Unseen (English Version of the Urdu Treatise “I’lm-i-Ghayb”) by Dr. Muhammad Mas’ud Ahmed Available from: Idara-e-Mas’udia, 6/2, 5-E Nazimabad, Karachi – 74600, Sindh, Pakistan

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Deobandi Virus Capturing Gujrat Muslims

5 Aug

Moderates Fight To Hold Turf In Gujarat


Saeed Khan | TNN  5th Aug 2008


Ahmedabad: An intense power struggle is going on between the moderate and the hardline Muslim groups for control of the sizable Sunni population in Gujarat that accounts for nearly 90% of the five million Muslims in the state.
   Since the 2002 Gujarat riots the more radical Deobandis, who are flush with funds, are winning over turf from the moderate Barelvis. Not only more mosques are coming under the control of the Deobandis, but this orthodox school of Islam is also finding ready converts among youth coming from liberal and educated Muslim backgrounds.
   Apart from running madrassas, mainstream educational institutions have been the special focus for the Deobandis. While this power struggle is a pan-India phenomenon, it has assumed serious dimensions in Gujarat in the last six years. Recent clashes between the two groups in Surat, Kalol, Prantij, Himmatnagar and other towns and cities across Gujarat have only underlined this conflict.
   The tolerant Barelvis, who are okay with worship in dargahs, have even put up notice boards outside scores of mosques in Gujarat banning the entry of the Tablighi Jamaat, the missionary wing of the Deoband school of Islam which preaches a puritanical interpretation of Quran.
   The oldest Deobandi madrassa in Gujarat at Dabhel near Surat is over 100 years old and this explains why south Gujarat is supposedly a stronghold of the radicals. While the Deobandis have moved in a big way into other parts of Gujarat, stiff resistance is coming from the Barelvis from Saurashtra.
   Kadar Salot, president of the Rajkot Saher Sunni Muslim Juna Masjid Trust, says: ‘‘The Tablighis want friction in society while people of Rajkot do not want any trouble. This is the reason several mosques in Rajkot have banned their entry.’’ 

   Chairman of Porbandar Markaz-e-AhleSunnat Barkat-e-Raza Dar-ul-Ulum Abdul Sattar Hamdani says, ‘‘to keep Deobandis at a distance, the trustees of the mosques may have resorted to pasting of notices.’’


A signboard in front of a mosque in Rajkot tells hardliners to stay away

Ahmed Rida Khan ;The Neglected genius of the East

26 Jul

 

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Islamic scholar
Medieval era
Name Ahmed Raza Khan
Birth 1856
Death 1921
School/tradition Sunni
Main interests Aqeedah, Fiqh, Tasawwuf
Notable ideas Love of Holy Prophet
Influenced by Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rumi, Shami, Shah Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlavi, Moulana Fazl-e-Haqq Khayrabadi
Influenced Crores of Sunni Muslims in the indian sub continent

Ahmad Raza Khan (1856-1921) was a Sunni Muslim scholar and sufi from Bareilly, a city in Northern India. He was a great writer, authoring nearly 1,000 books and monographs of varying lengths in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. He was a follower of Hanafi jurisprudence. His “magnus opus” is his fatawa Ridawiyya which comprised of 40 Volumes.

 Life history

 His Family and Childhood

.

Ahmad Rida Khan was born in 1272 AH (1856 CE) into a family of Alims (legal scholars). His father, Mawlānā Naqī Áli Khān, was an alim of his time. His mother named him Amman Miyān. He studied Islamic sciences mainly under the tutelage of his father. He undertook the traditional dars-e nizami course under his father’s supervision and thereafter was largely self-taught. He did not proceed to take a formal course at a dar al-ulum.

 Adolescence and start of his ministry

At the age of 14, Ahmad Raza, was given the responsibility of writing Fatawa (written answers to Islamic legal problems). It was through this path of life that he communicated to the masses to be steadfast to mainstream Islam – The Ahle-sunnah wal Jama’at. At this time there were many Pirs (Islamic Holy men) throughout northern India and Kashmir, each with their own dedicated group of followers. Most of these known Pirs and Saintly men were very impressed with the teachings (The Ahle-sunnah wa Jama’at) of Imam Ahmad Raza al-Qaadiri and looked at him as their role model and security against the corrupt cults that emerged within Islam.

 Adulthood

At 21 he received the blessing of one of the most outstanding Pir’s of the area and sent him out to make Sufi’s from anyone worthy. At 22 years of age while on Hajj with his father, he received many honours from some of the Sufi teachers of his time. Hajj was a turning point in his life. It inspired Imam Raza Khan to make followers throughout India and impart his teachings and knowledge on them. During his lifetime he wrote over 1000 books.

Aĥmed raza studied many sciences and fiqh (jurisprudence) particularly in the Hanafi school. He earned many authorizations to teach — by his own affirmation, the most important one was from the Mufti of Makkah, Shaykh Ábd ar-Raĥmān as-Sirāj ibn Ábdullāh as-Sirāj. This chain of transmission is claimed to reach back to Abu Hanifah.

Aĥmed Raza Khan took the Qadiri path and was initiated in that Sufi order by the Noble Sufi Master, Sayyid Khatimul-Akaabir Sha Ale-Rasul Ahmadi al-Husaini al-Qaadiri Barkaati of Mārahra (a town in northern India). He dedicated many tracts to the love of [[Aaqa Salal Laho Alaihe-wasalam], as is evident in his writings and endeavors.

In 1904 he founded a school, the Madrasa Manzar al-Islam. The position of chief administrator of this school was later to become a hereditary one within the Riza family for the next four generations. Raza died in 1340 AH (1921 CE), at the age of 65.

Authorization

He had many ijazahs (certificate of authority, authorization) in Hanafi fiqh including one from the Muftī of Makkah, Shaykh abd ar-Rahmān as-Siraj ibn Abdullāh as-Siraj (The Master of the Kaba or place of hajj). This chain of transmission reaches Imām Abū Hanifah in twenty seven links and in further four to Aaqa Salal Laho Alaihe-wasalam.

He took the Qadiri path and was initiated in that Sufi order by Allama Sayyid Shah Aale Rasool Hussaini Qadri Barkati Al-Hanafi ( Student of Allama Abdul Aziz Mohaddith e Dehalwi Al-Hanafi ) of Mārahra (a town in northern India) when he turned 21 years of age. He was a great lover of the Prophet Muhammad as is evident in his writings and endeavors. He was also a great poet who has to his name many and verses in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. The anthology of his Urdu and Persian verse is presented in a slim volume with two parts and named: ‘Hadayiq e Bakh’shish’ meaning ‘Gardens of Salvation’.

His works

Ahmed Raza was the author of nearly 1,000 books[citation needed] and monographs of varying lengths, as well as poetry, in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. Amongst the most well-known are the following:

  1. Kanzul Iman Fi Tarjamatu’l Qu’ran (The Treasure of Faith: A translation of the Quran) – This is his Urdu translation of the Quran. It combines fluency of language with Quranic exegesis and is an explanatory translation, as opposed to a literal one.
  2. Ĥadāyiq e Bakh’shish (Gardens of Salvation) – This is his slim two-volume anthology of Urdu and Persian poetry, eulogizing the Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him.
  3. Al- Átāyā an-Nabawiyyah fi’l Fatāwā ar-RiĎawiyyah (also known as Fatāwa ar-RiDawiyyah or Fatāwā Razwiyah) – His magnum opus, this is a collection of books, monographs and edicts on all aspects of Hanafī fiqh. The latest edition runs into 24 large volumes.
  4. Al-Dawlatul Makkiyah (The Meccan Treasure) – This is amongst his masterpieces and was written in a few days. It discusses, in great detail, the Prophet’s Knowledge of the Unseen ( ‘ilm al ghayb), one of the contentious issues between the Brailwees (ahlus sunnah wal jama’ah) and their opponents, notably the Deobandis.
  5. Husamul Haramain[1]

He also made several poems about Aaqa Salal Laho Alaihe-wasalam such as Lam Yati Nadhiruka Fi Nadharin (in Arabic Urdu, Hindi, and in Persian) and Zamin-o-Zaman which can be found in Ĥadāyiq e Bakh’shish.

Some famous books of Ahmad Raza: 1- Fatawa Radhvia (12 volunes) 2. Husamul Harmain 3. Fatawa Harmain 4. Addaulatul Makkiah 5. Fatawa Africa 6. Ahkame Shariat 7. Subhanussubbuh 8- Al-Amno-wal-ola 9- Dawamul Aish 10- Al Mohajjatul-Motamnah 11- Kiflul Faqihil Fahim 12- Alsamsaam 13- Samsamul Haidari 14- Saiful Mustafa 15- Maqale- Urafa 16- Badrul Anwar 17- Fauze Mobeen 18- Moine Mobeen 19- Alkalimatul Mulhama 20- Al-Aalamul -Aalam 21- Tadbeer Falaho Najateo Islah 22- Munabbehul Munia 23- Saltanete Mustafa 24- Nutque Hilal 25- Nafi-ul-Fai 26- Almobeen Khatamul Mobeen 27- Raddur Rafza 28- Kaifare Kufre Aarya 29- Kashful Illa 30- Risala Dar Ilmi Muthullath 31- Risala Dar Ilmi Takseer 32- Risala Jabro Muqabila 33- Risala Fi Ilm-il- Jafar 34- Taaje Tauqeet 35- Al Nahiul- Nameer 36- Hashia Usule Taba’ee 37- Al- Matrus Sayeed 38- Kanzul Iman 39- Hadaique- Bakhshish 40- Khalisul Itqad 41- Muneerul- Ain 42- Al Istimdad 43- Khatmul Nabuwah 44- Jiddul Mumtar 45- Tamheede Iman etc.

Branches of Knowledge

It is found that Ahmad Raza had proficiency in more than fifty branches of knowledge Arab scholars like Shaykh Ismail bin Khalil & Shaykh Musa Ali Shami while commenting on his reputation and his knowledge, Dr. Jamil Jalibi, Vice Chancellor, Karachi University (Pakistan) said:

“Mawlana Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi was a Jurist, scholar, Naa’tia poet, an observer of Islam. His crowning scholarship can be imagined by the fact that he had knowledge of various sciences and humanities. He left behind more than a hundred booklets.”

Once, Sir Zia al-Din, a famous mathematician, was in a predicament with regards to part of his research in a mathematical field which meant he had to go to Berlin (Germany) to seek a solution to an intricate problem. It so happened that a certain Mawlana from the famous Aligarh University advised Sir Zia al-Din to visit Ahmad Raza to seek a solution for his mathematical problem. But, Sir Zia al-Din, not sounding very confident said, “What will an ordinary Mawlana like Mawlana Ahmed Raza be able to solve? He hasn’t even gone out of his city to gain knowledge, so it is obvious that his knowledge is very limited.” Nevertheless, after some convincing, he agreed to visit Bareily.

When he arrived in Bareily , he immediately went to Ahmad Raza. Presenting the intricate mathematical problem to Ahmad Raza he said, “I am now going to Germany. I will come back for the answer, that is, if you do manage to solve it.” As he was speaking, Ahmad Raza was busy writing and listening to him at the same time. As Sir Zia al-Din was about to leave, he handed him a sheet of paper. When Sir Zia al-Din read what was written on this paper, he realised that it contained the solution to his mathematical problem that had him so confused. Sir Zia’ al-Din, was later recorded to have said the following about Ahmad Raza:

“He was an un-assuming man of pleasant manners and morals, had deep insight in mathematics, although he was not formally educated by a teacher. It was an inner gifted inherent knowledge. My query pertained to a theory of knotting problems of mathematics, but his manner and explanation was spontaneous as if he had already carried out a research in it. Now, there is nobody so well-versed in India. Such a scholar, I think, there is none. Allah has bestowed upon him such a knowledge, that is amazing. His insight in the fields of mathematics, euclid, algebra and timings is astonishing. A mathematical problem that I could not solve despite my best of efforts, this learned man explained in a few moments.”

He was so much effected by Ahmad Raza that he became a true Muslim with a beard on his face.[dubious ] .

Intellectual Life

Imam Aĥmed Razaā’s spiritual and religious involvements seemingly encompassed his life. However, he was also a self-taught scientist in many fields and a mathematician. He acted upon his sincere belief of the Quran and Hadith mentioning that Islam and science are intertwined within each other. He wrote several treatises on several scientific fields. [2].

 Secularism

During the period of the Indian Khilafat Movement, Gandhi was advised that he should meet with Aĥmed Riđā. When he was told that the Gandhi wished to meet and speak to him, Aĥmed Riđā said, “What would he speak about? Religion or worldly affairs? If it is worldly affairs, what can I partake in, for I have abstained from the world and have no interest in it.” (Al Mizaan, p. 335)

 Imam Ahmed Raza’s Final Advice before his demise

01. Nothing with photos of living objects should be near me when my Ruh (Soul) leaves.
02. Recite Sura Yaseen and Sura Ra’ad beside me.
03. Recite Durood in abundance.
04. Keep those who are weeping away from me.
05. Give my Ghusl according to the Sunnah.
06. Either Mawlana Haamid Raza or Allamah Amjad Ali should perform my Janaza Salaah. (radi Allahu anhum)
07. Do not delay my Janazah.
08. When taking my Janazah, recite “Kaabe ke Badru Duja”.
09. Do not read anything in my praise.
10. Place me softly in the grave.
11. My grave should be dug according to my height.
12. My Kafan should be according to the Sunnah.
13. The food of my Fatiha must be given to the poor.
14. Haamid Raza must give a fair share of everything to Chothe Mia (Huzoor Mufti Azam Hind). If not, my Rooh will be displeased. (radi Allahu anhum)
15. All of you must remain steadfast on my Deen. Do not leave the path of Shariah. Stay on the Deen on which I was.

Towards Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian, claimed to be the promised Messiah and Mahdi awaited by the Muslims. These claims proved to be extremely controversial among Muslims and he was branded as a heretic and apostate by many religious scholars of the time, including Ahmed Rida. To prove his point, when Ahmed Rida visited Mecca and Madina for pilgrimage in 1905, he prepared a draft document entitled “AlMotamad AlMustanad” (The Reliable Proofs) for presentation to the eminent scholars of Mecca and Madina-E-Pak. Ahmed Raza collected opinions of the Ulama of Hejaz and compiled them in a compendium written in Arabic language with the title, Husam al Harmain (The Sword of two sanctuaries), a work containing the thirty-three Ulamas’ thirty -four verdicts (20 Meccan and 13 Medinese Ulama). The overall import of this work was that Ghulam Ahmad’s beliefs were blasphemous and tantamount to apostasy.[3].

 His students

Prominent Muslim alims from the Indian sub-continent who were amongst the students of Aĥmed Razā Kahn Bralevi Rahma tulALLAh Alaihe are as follows:

  1. Muhammad Hamid Raza Khan Noori Barkaati
  2. Mustafa Raza Qadri Noori Barkaati (teacher of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Alawi al-Maliki)
  3. Abdus Salaam Jabalpuri ( Eidul Islam )
  4. Sayyid Shah Na’eemuddeen Muraadabadi ( Sadrul Afazil ) (teacher of Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari)
  5. Sayyid Zafar’uddeen Bihaari
  6. Abdul Aleem Siddique
  7. Mufti Amjad Ali
  8. Ziyauddin Ahmad al-Qadiri al-Madani (teacher of Shaykh Muhammad Alawi al-Maliki and Hazrat Abdul Wahab Siddiqi)
  9. Burhaanul Haq Jabalpuri ( Burhan e Millat )
  10. Mawlana Mukhtar Ahmad Siddiqi Meerati
  11. Muhammad Abd al-Hayy
  12. Ahmad Khalil
  13. Ahmad Khudravi
  14. Muhammad bin Abi Bakr
  15. Muhammad Sa’id
  16. Mawlana Sayyid Ahmad Ashraf Ashrafi
  17. Mawlana Syed shah Sulayman Ashraf Bihari
  18. Hashmat Ali Khan ( Sher Besha’e )
  19. Sayyid Rasûl Shâh Khâkî Chakwali

Student’s students are too numerous to number, some of the most famous in Pakistan include Muhaddith-e-Azam Pakistan Allama Sardar Ahmad Qadri and Shaykh-ul-Qur’an Allama Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi.

Jis ne baatil ke sir ko juka diya. Uus Sher-e-Bareilly pe Lakho Salaam.

 References

  • Baraka, A – A Saviour in a Dark World (Article) The Islamic Times, March 2003 Stockport, UK

Haroon, M The World of Importance of Imam Ahmad Raza Kazi Publications, Lahore 1974

Dargahs Of India: Sirhind Sharif

21 Jul

Dotting GT Road, away from the hustle and bustle of Chandigarh and somewhere between Ludhiana and Ambala, lies the dusty town of Sirhind that holds within itself important pages of Indian history book. Sirhind is mostly known among Muslims through Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi, the famous Sufi of the Naqshbandi order who was conferred the title of Mujaddid Alif-sani.

Mujaddid, in Islamic tradition, refers to a person who, Muslims believe, is sent by God in the first half of every century of the Islamic calendar.

As it says in the hadith: “Allah shall raise for this Umma at the head of every century a man who shall renew (or revive) for it its religion” (Sunan Abu Dawud)

The Mujaddid’s objective is to revive Islam, remove from it any extraneous elements and to restore it to its pristine state. A Mujaddid might be a caliph, a founder of a sufi order, a saint (wali), a prominent teacher, a scholar or some other kind of influential person.Usually all those who are considered to be the Mujaddid may not compulsory that they claim. They can be recognize by their work for Islam and its revival. [Wikipedia]

Mujaddid Alif-sani would mean reviver of Islam in the second millennium. Even though his name was familiar, I never knew the exact location of Sirhind till a friend I was visiting in Chandigarh told me about it. It was the place where Ahmed al-Faruqi was born on the day of Ashura, the 10th of Muharram in the year 971 Hijri or 1564 AD.

He received his knowledge and education through his father and through many shaikhs in his time. He made progress in three tariqats: Suhrawardiyya, Qadiriyya, and Chistiyya. He was given permission to train followers in all three tariqats at the age of 17 years. He was busy in spreading the teachings of these tariqats and in guiding his followers, yet he felt that something was missing in himself and he was continuously searching for it. He felt an interest in the Naqshbandi Sufi Order, because he could see by means of the secrets of the other three tariqats that it was the best and highest. His spiritual progress eventually brought him to the presence of the Ghawth and Qutb of his time, ash-Shaikh Muhammad al-Baqi, who had been sent from Samarqand to India by the order of his shaikh, Muhammad al-Amkanaki. He took the Naqshbandi Order from the shaikh and stayed with him for two months and some days, until Sayyidina Muhammad al-Baqi opened to his heart the secret of this tariqat and gave him authorization to train his murids in the Order. [Wikipedia]

A high point of Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi’s life was his confrontation with Akbar and then with his successor Jahangir. Things came to such a pass that he was incarcerated in the Fort of Gwalior for three years. Eventually, he was freed by the Emperor and went back to preaching in Sirhind where he died in 1624 AD. He is largely credited to have led the revival of Islam in India in the 16th-17th century. However, some scholars have criticized his role saying that he steered the intellectual discourse away from the liberal dogma during the times of Akbar and Jahangir. Others have criticized him for his alleged role in the assassination of Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Guru of Sikhism, in 1606 at the hands of Jahangir who suspected Arjan Dev of helping his rebellious son, Khusrau.

Sheikh Ahmed SirhindSheikh Ahmed Sirhind

The entrance to his shrine is imposing and a mosque is situated adjacent to the shrine. The plaque at the top of the main gate reads:

bismillah ar rahmaan ar rahiim
laa ilaahaa illalaah muhammad rasuul allah

mazaar puranvaar Hazrat Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alifsani Sheikh ahmed Faruqui Naqshbandi Sirhindi rahmat ullah alaihu

It roughly translates into:

In the name of Allah, Most Magnificent, Most Merciful
There is no God but Allah and Mohammad is His Messenger

The illuminated mausoleum of Hazrat Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alifsani Sheikh ahmed Faruqui Naqshbandi Sirhindi (may Allah have mercy upon him)

The plaque also tells us that the construction was done in 1925 AD which is not is fairly recent. As it is the case with Taj Mahal the mausoleum of Sheikh Ahmed Sarhind is also built in two stories. A demo grave at the top and the actual grave at the bottom.

Demo Grave Sheikh Ahmed SirhindActual Grave Sheikh Ahmed Sirhind

WishesOne of the interesting sights at the mausoleum is this intricate marble work made colorful by wish-threads tied by the devotees. For every wish they solicit through Sheikh, the devotees tie a thread. Today Sirhind Sharif receives many of its visitors from other parts of North India who are going to Ajmer Sharif for the annual Urs and stop at Sirhind along the way. The population of Muslims is minuscule in Punjab and a large percentage consists of immigrant workers from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Quite close to the dargah of Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi stands Fatehgarh Sahib Gurudwara and holds an exalted status in the eyes of Sikhs. It is the place where the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked alive.

After the heroic death of two elder sons of Guru Gobind Singh, in the battle of Chamkaur, on December22, 1704 his two younger sons, namely, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh were done to death, by being bricked alive in the fort of Sirhind on December 28, 1704 by the order of the tyrant Nawab Wazir Khan. Mata Gujri, grandmother of the two Sahibzadas expired due to the shock of brutal murder of her two grand children. A Hindu Philanthropist Dewan Todar Mal cremated three dead bodies with the help of other devotees of the Guru. He purchased the land by paying gold coins to the muslim Zamindar named Atta. Here stands the Gurdwara Jyoti Swarup. A big hall with a seating capacity for 5,000 persons has been recently constructed. It has been named Dewan Todar Mal Hall. [All About Sikhs]

Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib

Sirhind, like many other places of historical importance dotting North Indian landscape has been largely forgotten but will feature prominently whenever we look back into the past.

Warning!

20 Jul

As salaatu was salaamu ‘alayka Ya Sayyidina Ya Rasulullah (Salla Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam)

As salaamu ‘Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuhu

Some people say we should unite with the Wahabies/Salafies, Deobandis and Shia. They say “it’s only a small difference”, “they read namaaz and have a beard”, etc.

These people should read Imam Ahle Sunnah AlaHazrat’s (Rahmathulahi Ta’ala alay) brilliant answer regarding the issue of associating with the ‘misled’.

To associate with the misled is dangerous and can be very destructive. There is a great chance of you also becoming misled.”

Sayyidina RasoolAllah (sall’Allahu Ta’ala alayhi wa’sallam) states:

Keep them (misled) far from you, keep yourself far from them, so that they may not mislead you and put you into disarray (Fitnah). (Sahih Muslim, Vol 1, p.73, Hadith no.4)

One who depends on his desires indeed depends on a big liar. It is said:

The Nafs (desire) is a big liar when it swears an oath. So how great a liar will the Nafs be when it does not fulfil its promises.

It is narrated in a Sahih Hadith Sharif, that when Dajjal will appear, some people will set only to watch him just for the sake of fun. They will say, “We are strong on our Din and he will not mislead us.” When they will see Dajjal, he will mislead them and convert them.

Another Hadith Sharif states, “Those who keep friendship with the Kuf’far (and misled) do indeed belong to their community.”

Imam Jalal al Din al Suyuti (Rahmathulahi Ta’ala alay) said that once a man could not recite the Kalimah before his death because he continuously used to be in the company of the misled (Shia).

If this is the condition and conclusion of sitting in the company of those who insult the Sahaba, then what will be the state of those who associate with the Wahhabi, Deobandi and Qadiyani? They are not only insulting the Sahaba and the Ahle Bayt, but even the integrity of Sayyidina RasoolAllah and the Almighty Allah.

Wal Hamdu Lillah rab il ‘Aalameen

Critical analysis of Dr.Israr’s Comments on Hazrat Ali (R.A)

19 Jul

Here We Have attepmted to bring down some of the Opinions which examines the authenticity ,relevancy and Importance of Staement of Dr.Israr Ahmad that Hazrat ali Led the Prayer while Intoxicated and he Committed mistake. Unreferenced Quotes By:  Imran From which hadith collection did he get the wordsSharaab jin ki gutthi mei pari thi woh to itni baat par chorne wale nahin the”?

What does that imply and who is he posibly implicating?

Preceeded by that he said about surah 2 verse 219, he states “toh bohut se loagon ne to sharab ussi waqt tark kardi,ishara pa gaiye”

How true is the following? With reference to History By:Imran
According to the History of Arabia, the first man who abandoned wine in the pre-Islamic period was Walid b. Mughira who visualized its harms. Another report mentions the name of Qais b. Asim. Some other persons who avoided drinking wine before the advent of Islam were:

Muqis b. Sababa, ‘Abdul Muttalic-the grand father of our Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), Abu Talib-father of Hadrat ‘Ali (Allah be pleased with him), Qusayy b. Kilab, Warqa b. Naufal-the nephew of Hadrat Khadija (Allah be please with her)-Shaiba b. Rabi’a and ‘Abbas b. Maradas.

It is reported that people said to ‘Abbas b. Maradas, “Why don’t you drink wine while it increases warmth? ” He replied, ” I am not going to hold my ignorance in my hand and put it into my stomach, nor do I like to be the leader of a people in the morning and turn to be a foolish one in the evening.” These words are of a man who lived in the age of Ignorance and had great regard for reason and nobility. He did not like lowliness and insanity. What a wisdom which these words impart! Is there any soul to receive exhortation?

In the similar way, the prominent Companions of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), like Hadrat Abu Bakr, Hadrat ‘Uthman and Hadrat ‘Ali (Allah be pleased with them) abstained from drinking wine during the pre-Islamic period. Hadrat ‘Uthman (Allah be please with him) was asked why he had not touched alcohol even during his pre-Islamic life. His answer was, “al-Khamr ‘robs’ the mind totally; and I have not yet seen anything which when entirely ‘robbed’ or curtailed will come back in its original intact form”. Another contemporary of Hadrat ‘Uthman (Allah be pleased with him) refused to drink wine. He said, ” I refuse to consume that which consumes my mind.”

So Siddique e akbar,hadrat uthman and both the father and grandfather of Hadrat Ali ((Radi Allah Anhum ajmaeen) did not drink wine even during pre islamic era despite it being permissable,due to them thinking that it no good and harmful but Ali (Alahe Salam) is accepted as having indulged in getting intoxicated to the extent that even salaah(standing in front of Allah)gets corrupted?

What Imam Tirmidhi himself classifies as gharib we try to justify and authenticate by making excuses as to how Hadrat Ali would not be sinful (as it would have been mubah etc etc),bearing in mind that such a substance was disliked by the Prophet (SalAllaho Alahi WaAlehi Wasalam) and others too and alot of sahaaba had totally stopped after verse of surah baqarah being revealed.
Why do you think that classical mufassirs like,razi,baydawi, qurtubi even ibn kathir and even modern ones like pir karam shah al azhari have not mentioned Hadrat Ali by name in regards to this incident in the respective tafseers?

Any such narration that does not befit the stature of RasoolAllah or his Ahle bayt should really be put to one side,not
given precedence over their reality!

Aslamu alikum…       by :Sag-e-Darbar-eJilani
So Many Versions
….If he can find one narration with Hazrat Ali’s name, why cant he find the other narrations which do not mention hazrat Ali. It’s deliberate on his part not to mention other narrations. If we as layman find so many different version of the same event, then he is supposedly called a “Scholar” . Perhaps the difference lies in the fact that we alhamdolillah are the true Shia’ane Ali and he is a salafi full of hatred for Ahle Bait                                                                                                                                                                   Dr.Israr’s defending himself .  By:Abdul Hamid                                          After listening to his defensive statement, i think Dr israr is trying pulling a wool over our eyes!, he has qoutes sources suchs sunan abu dawud, ibn katheer, at tabiree, and the great khaarji and ghustaakh Albaani but we do agree that the hadith is in sunan tirmizi, it does at no point mention Imam Ali (Radi Allah Anhu) as the person who leads the prayer! so the question remains on what basis did he have the nerve to mention this on tv? knowing it may lead to uproar!

Many hadith that have been gathered were transmitted by the khwaarij and those that hated Imam Ali such as those from shaam which was under the umayyad control during its time, even buhkhari has certain hadith that were tranmittted from them aswel.

In the final part of his statement he says he has love for Imam Ali(Radi Allah Anhu) and had no intention of insulting him or his honour, well uve done exactly that.

waslaam .

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