Tag Archives: Muhammad

Ilm-e-Gaib or Knowledge of Unseen :Mujadid Ala Hazrat’s Ad-Dawlat al-Makkiyah translated in English

31 Jul The_Clothers__Staff_of_Prophet_Muhammad

Durban: LIMITED publications is now available from the Imam Ahmed Raza Academy’s Durban Office in South Africa.The Mekkan Treasure: English/Arabic Bi Lingual Authored by Shaykh al Islam w’al-Muslimin, Sayyadi AlaHadrat, Shah Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Radi Allahu Anhu.

Title of the Book: The Mekkan Treasure on the Subject of the Unseen : Ad-Dawlat al-Makkiyah bi’l Maddat al-Ghaybiyyah: First English Translation, with Arabic.

Translated into English with Notes by his Eminence Shaykh Abd al-Hadi al-Qadiri Radawi

Large Hardback – 356 pages,

Foreword

This  magnum opus of the Great Mujaddid, Ala’ Hadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Al- Qadiri ‘alayhi ar-Rahmah’ is Textual corpus of scriptural evidence, transmitted and rational sciences. The monumental work of the paradigm author resonates irrefutable arguments on the esoteric science of the Unseen (Ghayb) which the Lord of Power Allah Ta’ala blessed His Beloved Messenger.

The Illustrious Mekkan Ulama read this stupendous book and extolled the Author.                                                                                            With these words

you have exposed such knowledge which never even existed in our dreams’

“This book is indeed a clear manifestation of an abyss of Sacred Knowledge”

Also available Ala’Hadrat, ‘alayhi ar-Rahmah’ the Sound Certificates for the Ulama of Makkah & Madinah:

Title of the Book –Al-Ijazat al-Matinah li ‘Ulama-e-Bakkata wa al-Madinah, also newly translated into English by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Hadi al-Qadiri

Foreword

The contents of this book include all those certificates of Hadith Chains  and Permission for new and ancient  Chains of Transmission that the Great Mujaddid, Ala’Hadrat Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri  issued in Makkah al-Mukkaramah and Madinah al-Munawwarah to the illustrious Ulama and  Mashaa’ikh of the Islamic world in 1324-1906 on their requests. Ala’Hadrat himself lists those sciences of Knowledge that Almighty Allah Blessed him  with.

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Saudi Government and King Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz: Stop Bulldozing historic Holy sites in Medina

4 Nov Sign the nPetn

Saudi Government and King Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz: Stop Bulldozing historic Holy sites in Medina

Petition by

New Delhi 4th Nov 2012

This Petition is created to Stop the proposed vandalism of Green Dome of Medina , Riadul Jannah,Pulpit of Prophet of Islam (Sallallaholaihiwassalam) and three Mosques associated with companions of Holy Prophet Sallallaholaihiwassalam).
The current controversy of the potential Saudi demolition of Riyad-al-Jannah and the graves of Islamic caliphs Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) and Hazrat Omar (RA) is one in a long line of projects that the world’s biggest exporter of crude oil has undertaken to erase Islamic heritage sites.

http://www.change.org/petitions/saudi-government-and-king-abdullah-bin-abdul-aziz-stop-bulldozing-historic-holy-sites-in-medina#

Sign the nPetn

Petition Letter

To,
Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud,
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Through
1. Mr. Saud bin Mohammed Al-Saty
Ambassador of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, New Delhi

2. Mr. Abdullah Bin Sulaiman Al-Essa –
Consul-General, Mumbai
Sir,
As per the News Reports published worldwide that Saudi Govt. has inaugurated a Plan to expand Masjid-e-Nabwi on 25th Oct 2012.Millions of Muslims the World are aghast and are in deep sorrow to know that three Mosques of Companions of Holy Prophet (Peace and blessing upon him) ,Riadul Jannah, Green Dome and Pulpit of Holy Prophet (Peace and blessings upon him) faces threat of demolition in this expansion.
Holy Medina City is recognized by green dome and Prophet’s (Peace and blessing upon him) Holy Grave so it is natural that any attempt to change the character of any of these will make Muslim of the world worry. It is also sad to know that despite several authentic News Reports and regular inquiries, Govt. of Saudi Arabia has not issued any Public statement in this regard.
Therefore the Muslim Community , put forward following demands to Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that

(1) Saudi authorities should come out in the Media and ensure all Muslims of the world that the Green Dome of prophet Mohammad (Peace and blessings upon him) will be preserved at all costs.
(2) The Riyadh al Jannah area and the current Musallah of the Imam (Prayer Leader) should also be preserved.
(3) The three mosques, now proposed to be demolished in the western side expansion should not be touched.
(4) The expansion should be done in the northern side so that the current place of the Dome, Riyadh al-Jannah and Imam’s Musallah are not touched.

If the Govt. of Saudi Arabia did not come out in open to reply all these genuine points, then Majority of Muslims will be forced to Protest and rise against this Plan.

Muslim Students Organization of India (MSO)
An apex body of Indian Muslim Youth in India

Urs Sharif at Haji Ali Dargah

16 Dec

hajialiMUMBAI: The 10-day annual Urs of Sufi saint Makhdoom Ali Mahimi, which begins on Friday evening with the offering of traditional sandalwood and

 

flowers by the Mumbai Police and the dargah committee, will be a low-key affair this year.

As a mark of respect for the victims of 26/11 massacre, the dargah committee has decided to scale down the usually elaborate celebrations and stick to performing the traditional rites and rituals associated with Urs. Thousands of devotees, cutting across religious barriers, are expected to visit the Dargah during Urs.

“The city is in grief. We will restrict the celebrations to the necessary rituals,” Makhdoom Mahimi Dargah Trust managing trustee Sohail Khandwani said.

Part of the tradition is the procession which begins at the Mahim police station and ends with the offering of sandalwood and flowers by Mumbai Police at the shrine’s crowded hall touching the Arabian Sea in Mahim.

Although the annual Mahim fair is part of Urs, this year the various bands — who in the past performed Sufi music — are not playing there. Even percussion instruments like huge drums will give way to daffs (small drum-like instruments); whirling dervishes have also been kept away. “It’s not a time for rejoicing for the city. We have kept the entertainment element out of Urs celebrations this year,” Khandwani added.

One of the most revered Sufis in India, the 15th-century saint is widely acknowledged for his scholarly works, including the first commentary on the Quran, liberal views and inclusive ideals.

“When his contemporary, the Spanish scholar Mohiuddin Ibne Arabi, faced criticism for his philosophy of Wahdat-ul-Wajood (unity and omnipresence of God), Mahimi was among the scholars who supported him. Mahimi epitomises the inclusive, humanist character of Sufism,” Makhdoom Ali Mahimi Memorial Oriental Research Institue and Library director and scholar Abdus Sattar Dalvi said. “Mahimi’s message can work as a salve in times like these,” he added.

New structure for Haji Ali Dargah

The foundation stone of a new structure for the shrine of Haji Ali Pir, also called Haji Ali Dargah, will be laid at 2 pm on Friday. The new structure, to be completed in over two years, will be made of Makrana marble, the same material used in the Taj Mahal 400 years ago. The estimated cost is around Rs 12 crore. Noted architect Chetan Raikar has been hired to design the new shrine complex.

What is Ramadan? What do Muslims gain from fasting?

5 Sep

What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is the name of the ninth Islamic lunar month. It is the month Allah (The one God), ordered the Muslims to fast since it was the month He revealed the Qur’an (the Muslims’ holy scripture) to Muhammad (the final Prophet of Allah). Muslims abstain from eating, drinking and intimate relations with their spouse during the daylight hours of the blessed month. It is a time for Muslims to contemplate on their belief and increase their faith by actively increasing in worship, prayer and receiting the Qur’an. It is an opportunity for spiritual as well as physical purification.
Do Muslims not eat and drink for a whole month?

Ramadan celebration in Dubai

Ramadan celebration in Dubai

No. Muslims are ordered to abstain from food, drink and sensual pleasures from the break of dawn until sunset throughout the whole month. That means, that after sunset until the break of dawn of the following day, Muslims may eat and drink as they please. Many Muslims take this opportunity to invite friends and family over to share in the spirit of Ramadan
What do Muslims do during Ramadan?

Muslims usually wake before dawn to take a small meal called “suhoor”. They abstain from eating, drinking and sensual pleasures during the daylight hours of the blessed month. Muslims exert more effort in worship, praying, contemplating, helping others, giving charity, reciting the Quran (the holy book of the Muslims); many Muslims endeavour to complete the Qur’an’s recitation at least once during the month. At sunset, Muslims break their fast, usually with a big meal with family and friends. Many Muslims also attend the mosque at night, to engage in special night prayers called “taraweeh”.

Is Ramadan a Prophet of Islam?
No, Ramadan is not a Prophet of Islam. Ramadan is simply the name of the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calender. It happens to be the month that Allah (the One God) revealed the Qur’an, to Muhammad (the final Prophet of Allah). Islam believes and honours all the Prophets of the past as servants and Messengers of Allah, including Noah (Nooh), Abraham (Ibrahim), Moses (Musa) and Jesus (’Isa) May Allah send His peace upon them all. Muslims believe that Muhammad is the final Messenger of Allah, that the previous Messengers prophesised about. He preached the same message as those before him: “Worship Allah (the one God) alone, you have no god besides Him”.
Do children, sick and old people need to fast?

Fasting is only obligated on Muslims who have reached puberty, are sane and are healthy. So children who have not reached puberty are exempt, but are encouraged to fast some days, or a portion of a day, to train them for when they are obliged to fast. The temporarily sick who have a sickness that may extend a few days, where fasting may serverly affect them or prolong their recovery are not obliged to fast but must make up the days after Ramadan. The chronically ill and elderly, for example those with diabetes, are not obliged to fast, but should feed a needy or poor person for each day they miss.
How did the fast during Ramadan become obligatory for Muslims?

The revelations from God to the Prophet Muhammad that would eventually be compiled as the Quran began during Ramadan in the year 610, but the fast of Ramadan did not become a religious obligation for Muslims until the year 624. The obligation to fast is explained in the second chapter of the Quran: “O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become righteous…The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it;…” (Chapter 2, verses 183 and 185)
What do Muslims believe they gain from fasting?

One of the main benefits of Ramadan are an increased compassion for those in need of the necessities of life, a sense of self-purification and reflection and a renewed focus on spirituality. Muslims also appreciate the feeling of togetherness shared by family and friends throughout the month. Perhaps the greatest practical benefit is the yearly lesson in self-restraint and discipline that can carry forward to other aspects of a Muslim’s life such as work and education.
Why does Ramadan begin on a different day each year?

Because Ramadan is a lunar month, it begins about eleven days earlier each year. Throughout a Muslim’s lifetime, Ramadan will fall both during winter months, when the days are short, and summer months, when the days are long and the fast is more difficult. In this way, the difficulty of the fast is evenly distributed between Muslims living in the northern and southern hemispheres.
What is Lailat ul-Qadr?

Lailat ul-Qadr (”Night of Power”) marks the anniversary of the night on which the Prophet Muhammad first began receiving revelations from God, through the angel Gabriel. An entire chapter in the Quran deals with this night: “We have indeed revealed this (Message) in the Night of Power: and what will explain to thee what the Night of Power is? The Night of Power is better than a thousand months. Therein come down the angels and the Spirit by God’s permission, on every errand. Peace!…This until the rise of morn.” (Chapter 97) Muslims believe Lailat ul-Qadr is one of the last odd-numbered nights of Ramadan.
Is it difficult to perform the fast in Australia, Canada, USA, and UK?

In many ways, fasting in Australia, Canada, USA, and UK is easier than fasting in some of the African countries where the climate is extremely hot. This year at least, the number of daylight hours will be less than when Ramadan occurs during the summer. In Muslim countries, most people are observing the fast, so there are fewer temptations such as luncheon meetings, daytime celebrations and offers of food from friends. Many Australian Muslims would prefer a daytime work shift during Ramadan so that they may break the fast with their families and attend evening prayers.
How can non-Muslim co-workers and friends help someone who is fasting?

Employers, co-workers and teachers can help by understanding the significance of Ramadan and by showing a willingness to make minor allowances for its physical demands. Special consideration can be given to such things as requests for vacation time, the need for flexible early morning or evening work schedules and lighter homework assignments. It is also very important that Muslim workers and students be given time to attend Eid prayers at the end of Ramadan. Eid is as important to Muslims as Christmas and Yom Kippur are to Christians and Jews. A small token such as a card (there are Eid cards available from Muslim bookstores) or baked goods given to a Muslim co-worker during Eid ul-Fitr would also be greatly appreciated. Hospital workers should be aware that injections and oral medications might break the fast. Patients should be given the opportunity to decide whether or not their condition exempts them from fasting.
Do people normally lose weight during Ramadan?

Some people do lose weight, but others may not. It is recommended that meals eaten during Ramadan be light, but most people can’t resist sampling special sweets and foods associated with Ramadan.

Deobandi Virus Capturing Gujrat Muslims

5 Aug

Moderates Fight To Hold Turf In Gujarat


Saeed Khan | TNN  5th Aug 2008


Ahmedabad: An intense power struggle is going on between the moderate and the hardline Muslim groups for control of the sizable Sunni population in Gujarat that accounts for nearly 90% of the five million Muslims in the state.
   Since the 2002 Gujarat riots the more radical Deobandis, who are flush with funds, are winning over turf from the moderate Barelvis. Not only more mosques are coming under the control of the Deobandis, but this orthodox school of Islam is also finding ready converts among youth coming from liberal and educated Muslim backgrounds.
   Apart from running madrassas, mainstream educational institutions have been the special focus for the Deobandis. While this power struggle is a pan-India phenomenon, it has assumed serious dimensions in Gujarat in the last six years. Recent clashes between the two groups in Surat, Kalol, Prantij, Himmatnagar and other towns and cities across Gujarat have only underlined this conflict.
   The tolerant Barelvis, who are okay with worship in dargahs, have even put up notice boards outside scores of mosques in Gujarat banning the entry of the Tablighi Jamaat, the missionary wing of the Deoband school of Islam which preaches a puritanical interpretation of Quran.
   The oldest Deobandi madrassa in Gujarat at Dabhel near Surat is over 100 years old and this explains why south Gujarat is supposedly a stronghold of the radicals. While the Deobandis have moved in a big way into other parts of Gujarat, stiff resistance is coming from the Barelvis from Saurashtra.
   Kadar Salot, president of the Rajkot Saher Sunni Muslim Juna Masjid Trust, says: ‘‘The Tablighis want friction in society while people of Rajkot do not want any trouble. This is the reason several mosques in Rajkot have banned their entry.’’ 

   Chairman of Porbandar Markaz-e-AhleSunnat Barkat-e-Raza Dar-ul-Ulum Abdul Sattar Hamdani says, ‘‘to keep Deobandis at a distance, the trustees of the mosques may have resorted to pasting of notices.’’


A signboard in front of a mosque in Rajkot tells hardliners to stay away

Ahmed Rida Khan ;The Neglected genius of the East

26 Jul

 

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Islamic scholar
Medieval era
Name Ahmed Raza Khan
Birth 1856
Death 1921
School/tradition Sunni
Main interests Aqeedah, Fiqh, Tasawwuf
Notable ideas Love of Holy Prophet
Influenced by Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rumi, Shami, Shah Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlavi, Moulana Fazl-e-Haqq Khayrabadi
Influenced Crores of Sunni Muslims in the indian sub continent

Ahmad Raza Khan (1856-1921) was a Sunni Muslim scholar and sufi from Bareilly, a city in Northern India. He was a great writer, authoring nearly 1,000 books and monographs of varying lengths in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. He was a follower of Hanafi jurisprudence. His “magnus opus” is his fatawa Ridawiyya which comprised of 40 Volumes.

 Life history

 His Family and Childhood

.

Ahmad Rida Khan was born in 1272 AH (1856 CE) into a family of Alims (legal scholars). His father, Mawlānā Naqī Áli Khān, was an alim of his time. His mother named him Amman Miyān. He studied Islamic sciences mainly under the tutelage of his father. He undertook the traditional dars-e nizami course under his father’s supervision and thereafter was largely self-taught. He did not proceed to take a formal course at a dar al-ulum.

 Adolescence and start of his ministry

At the age of 14, Ahmad Raza, was given the responsibility of writing Fatawa (written answers to Islamic legal problems). It was through this path of life that he communicated to the masses to be steadfast to mainstream Islam – The Ahle-sunnah wal Jama’at. At this time there were many Pirs (Islamic Holy men) throughout northern India and Kashmir, each with their own dedicated group of followers. Most of these known Pirs and Saintly men were very impressed with the teachings (The Ahle-sunnah wa Jama’at) of Imam Ahmad Raza al-Qaadiri and looked at him as their role model and security against the corrupt cults that emerged within Islam.

 Adulthood

At 21 he received the blessing of one of the most outstanding Pir’s of the area and sent him out to make Sufi’s from anyone worthy. At 22 years of age while on Hajj with his father, he received many honours from some of the Sufi teachers of his time. Hajj was a turning point in his life. It inspired Imam Raza Khan to make followers throughout India and impart his teachings and knowledge on them. During his lifetime he wrote over 1000 books.

Aĥmed raza studied many sciences and fiqh (jurisprudence) particularly in the Hanafi school. He earned many authorizations to teach — by his own affirmation, the most important one was from the Mufti of Makkah, Shaykh Ábd ar-Raĥmān as-Sirāj ibn Ábdullāh as-Sirāj. This chain of transmission is claimed to reach back to Abu Hanifah.

Aĥmed Raza Khan took the Qadiri path and was initiated in that Sufi order by the Noble Sufi Master, Sayyid Khatimul-Akaabir Sha Ale-Rasul Ahmadi al-Husaini al-Qaadiri Barkaati of Mārahra (a town in northern India). He dedicated many tracts to the love of [[Aaqa Salal Laho Alaihe-wasalam], as is evident in his writings and endeavors.

In 1904 he founded a school, the Madrasa Manzar al-Islam. The position of chief administrator of this school was later to become a hereditary one within the Riza family for the next four generations. Raza died in 1340 AH (1921 CE), at the age of 65.

Authorization

He had many ijazahs (certificate of authority, authorization) in Hanafi fiqh including one from the Muftī of Makkah, Shaykh abd ar-Rahmān as-Siraj ibn Abdullāh as-Siraj (The Master of the Kaba or place of hajj). This chain of transmission reaches Imām Abū Hanifah in twenty seven links and in further four to Aaqa Salal Laho Alaihe-wasalam.

He took the Qadiri path and was initiated in that Sufi order by Allama Sayyid Shah Aale Rasool Hussaini Qadri Barkati Al-Hanafi ( Student of Allama Abdul Aziz Mohaddith e Dehalwi Al-Hanafi ) of Mārahra (a town in northern India) when he turned 21 years of age. He was a great lover of the Prophet Muhammad as is evident in his writings and endeavors. He was also a great poet who has to his name many and verses in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. The anthology of his Urdu and Persian verse is presented in a slim volume with two parts and named: ‘Hadayiq e Bakh’shish’ meaning ‘Gardens of Salvation’.

His works

Ahmed Raza was the author of nearly 1,000 books[citation needed] and monographs of varying lengths, as well as poetry, in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. Amongst the most well-known are the following:

  1. Kanzul Iman Fi Tarjamatu’l Qu’ran (The Treasure of Faith: A translation of the Quran) – This is his Urdu translation of the Quran. It combines fluency of language with Quranic exegesis and is an explanatory translation, as opposed to a literal one.
  2. Ĥadāyiq e Bakh’shish (Gardens of Salvation) – This is his slim two-volume anthology of Urdu and Persian poetry, eulogizing the Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him.
  3. Al- Átāyā an-Nabawiyyah fi’l Fatāwā ar-RiĎawiyyah (also known as Fatāwa ar-RiDawiyyah or Fatāwā Razwiyah) – His magnum opus, this is a collection of books, monographs and edicts on all aspects of Hanafī fiqh. The latest edition runs into 24 large volumes.
  4. Al-Dawlatul Makkiyah (The Meccan Treasure) – This is amongst his masterpieces and was written in a few days. It discusses, in great detail, the Prophet’s Knowledge of the Unseen ( ‘ilm al ghayb), one of the contentious issues between the Brailwees (ahlus sunnah wal jama’ah) and their opponents, notably the Deobandis.
  5. Husamul Haramain[1]

He also made several poems about Aaqa Salal Laho Alaihe-wasalam such as Lam Yati Nadhiruka Fi Nadharin (in Arabic Urdu, Hindi, and in Persian) and Zamin-o-Zaman which can be found in Ĥadāyiq e Bakh’shish.

Some famous books of Ahmad Raza: 1- Fatawa Radhvia (12 volunes) 2. Husamul Harmain 3. Fatawa Harmain 4. Addaulatul Makkiah 5. Fatawa Africa 6. Ahkame Shariat 7. Subhanussubbuh 8- Al-Amno-wal-ola 9- Dawamul Aish 10- Al Mohajjatul-Motamnah 11- Kiflul Faqihil Fahim 12- Alsamsaam 13- Samsamul Haidari 14- Saiful Mustafa 15- Maqale- Urafa 16- Badrul Anwar 17- Fauze Mobeen 18- Moine Mobeen 19- Alkalimatul Mulhama 20- Al-Aalamul -Aalam 21- Tadbeer Falaho Najateo Islah 22- Munabbehul Munia 23- Saltanete Mustafa 24- Nutque Hilal 25- Nafi-ul-Fai 26- Almobeen Khatamul Mobeen 27- Raddur Rafza 28- Kaifare Kufre Aarya 29- Kashful Illa 30- Risala Dar Ilmi Muthullath 31- Risala Dar Ilmi Takseer 32- Risala Jabro Muqabila 33- Risala Fi Ilm-il- Jafar 34- Taaje Tauqeet 35- Al Nahiul- Nameer 36- Hashia Usule Taba’ee 37- Al- Matrus Sayeed 38- Kanzul Iman 39- Hadaique- Bakhshish 40- Khalisul Itqad 41- Muneerul- Ain 42- Al Istimdad 43- Khatmul Nabuwah 44- Jiddul Mumtar 45- Tamheede Iman etc.

Branches of Knowledge

It is found that Ahmad Raza had proficiency in more than fifty branches of knowledge Arab scholars like Shaykh Ismail bin Khalil & Shaykh Musa Ali Shami while commenting on his reputation and his knowledge, Dr. Jamil Jalibi, Vice Chancellor, Karachi University (Pakistan) said:

“Mawlana Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi was a Jurist, scholar, Naa’tia poet, an observer of Islam. His crowning scholarship can be imagined by the fact that he had knowledge of various sciences and humanities. He left behind more than a hundred booklets.”

Once, Sir Zia al-Din, a famous mathematician, was in a predicament with regards to part of his research in a mathematical field which meant he had to go to Berlin (Germany) to seek a solution to an intricate problem. It so happened that a certain Mawlana from the famous Aligarh University advised Sir Zia al-Din to visit Ahmad Raza to seek a solution for his mathematical problem. But, Sir Zia al-Din, not sounding very confident said, “What will an ordinary Mawlana like Mawlana Ahmed Raza be able to solve? He hasn’t even gone out of his city to gain knowledge, so it is obvious that his knowledge is very limited.” Nevertheless, after some convincing, he agreed to visit Bareily.

When he arrived in Bareily , he immediately went to Ahmad Raza. Presenting the intricate mathematical problem to Ahmad Raza he said, “I am now going to Germany. I will come back for the answer, that is, if you do manage to solve it.” As he was speaking, Ahmad Raza was busy writing and listening to him at the same time. As Sir Zia al-Din was about to leave, he handed him a sheet of paper. When Sir Zia al-Din read what was written on this paper, he realised that it contained the solution to his mathematical problem that had him so confused. Sir Zia’ al-Din, was later recorded to have said the following about Ahmad Raza:

“He was an un-assuming man of pleasant manners and morals, had deep insight in mathematics, although he was not formally educated by a teacher. It was an inner gifted inherent knowledge. My query pertained to a theory of knotting problems of mathematics, but his manner and explanation was spontaneous as if he had already carried out a research in it. Now, there is nobody so well-versed in India. Such a scholar, I think, there is none. Allah has bestowed upon him such a knowledge, that is amazing. His insight in the fields of mathematics, euclid, algebra and timings is astonishing. A mathematical problem that I could not solve despite my best of efforts, this learned man explained in a few moments.”

He was so much effected by Ahmad Raza that he became a true Muslim with a beard on his face.[dubious ] .

Intellectual Life

Imam Aĥmed Razaā’s spiritual and religious involvements seemingly encompassed his life. However, he was also a self-taught scientist in many fields and a mathematician. He acted upon his sincere belief of the Quran and Hadith mentioning that Islam and science are intertwined within each other. He wrote several treatises on several scientific fields. [2].

 Secularism

During the period of the Indian Khilafat Movement, Gandhi was advised that he should meet with Aĥmed Riđā. When he was told that the Gandhi wished to meet and speak to him, Aĥmed Riđā said, “What would he speak about? Religion or worldly affairs? If it is worldly affairs, what can I partake in, for I have abstained from the world and have no interest in it.” (Al Mizaan, p. 335)

 Imam Ahmed Raza’s Final Advice before his demise

01. Nothing with photos of living objects should be near me when my Ruh (Soul) leaves.
02. Recite Sura Yaseen and Sura Ra’ad beside me.
03. Recite Durood in abundance.
04. Keep those who are weeping away from me.
05. Give my Ghusl according to the Sunnah.
06. Either Mawlana Haamid Raza or Allamah Amjad Ali should perform my Janaza Salaah. (radi Allahu anhum)
07. Do not delay my Janazah.
08. When taking my Janazah, recite “Kaabe ke Badru Duja”.
09. Do not read anything in my praise.
10. Place me softly in the grave.
11. My grave should be dug according to my height.
12. My Kafan should be according to the Sunnah.
13. The food of my Fatiha must be given to the poor.
14. Haamid Raza must give a fair share of everything to Chothe Mia (Huzoor Mufti Azam Hind). If not, my Rooh will be displeased. (radi Allahu anhum)
15. All of you must remain steadfast on my Deen. Do not leave the path of Shariah. Stay on the Deen on which I was.

Towards Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian, claimed to be the promised Messiah and Mahdi awaited by the Muslims. These claims proved to be extremely controversial among Muslims and he was branded as a heretic and apostate by many religious scholars of the time, including Ahmed Rida. To prove his point, when Ahmed Rida visited Mecca and Madina for pilgrimage in 1905, he prepared a draft document entitled “AlMotamad AlMustanad” (The Reliable Proofs) for presentation to the eminent scholars of Mecca and Madina-E-Pak. Ahmed Raza collected opinions of the Ulama of Hejaz and compiled them in a compendium written in Arabic language with the title, Husam al Harmain (The Sword of two sanctuaries), a work containing the thirty-three Ulamas’ thirty -four verdicts (20 Meccan and 13 Medinese Ulama). The overall import of this work was that Ghulam Ahmad’s beliefs were blasphemous and tantamount to apostasy.[3].

 His students

Prominent Muslim alims from the Indian sub-continent who were amongst the students of Aĥmed Razā Kahn Bralevi Rahma tulALLAh Alaihe are as follows:

  1. Muhammad Hamid Raza Khan Noori Barkaati
  2. Mustafa Raza Qadri Noori Barkaati (teacher of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Alawi al-Maliki)
  3. Abdus Salaam Jabalpuri ( Eidul Islam )
  4. Sayyid Shah Na’eemuddeen Muraadabadi ( Sadrul Afazil ) (teacher of Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari)
  5. Sayyid Zafar’uddeen Bihaari
  6. Abdul Aleem Siddique
  7. Mufti Amjad Ali
  8. Ziyauddin Ahmad al-Qadiri al-Madani (teacher of Shaykh Muhammad Alawi al-Maliki and Hazrat Abdul Wahab Siddiqi)
  9. Burhaanul Haq Jabalpuri ( Burhan e Millat )
  10. Mawlana Mukhtar Ahmad Siddiqi Meerati
  11. Muhammad Abd al-Hayy
  12. Ahmad Khalil
  13. Ahmad Khudravi
  14. Muhammad bin Abi Bakr
  15. Muhammad Sa’id
  16. Mawlana Sayyid Ahmad Ashraf Ashrafi
  17. Mawlana Syed shah Sulayman Ashraf Bihari
  18. Hashmat Ali Khan ( Sher Besha’e )
  19. Sayyid Rasûl Shâh Khâkî Chakwali

Student’s students are too numerous to number, some of the most famous in Pakistan include Muhaddith-e-Azam Pakistan Allama Sardar Ahmad Qadri and Shaykh-ul-Qur’an Allama Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi.

Jis ne baatil ke sir ko juka diya. Uus Sher-e-Bareilly pe Lakho Salaam.

 References

  • Baraka, A – A Saviour in a Dark World (Article) The Islamic Times, March 2003 Stockport, UK

Haroon, M The World of Importance of Imam Ahmad Raza Kazi Publications, Lahore 1974

Dargahs Of India: Sirhind Sharif

21 Jul

Dotting GT Road, away from the hustle and bustle of Chandigarh and somewhere between Ludhiana and Ambala, lies the dusty town of Sirhind that holds within itself important pages of Indian history book. Sirhind is mostly known among Muslims through Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi, the famous Sufi of the Naqshbandi order who was conferred the title of Mujaddid Alif-sani.

Mujaddid, in Islamic tradition, refers to a person who, Muslims believe, is sent by God in the first half of every century of the Islamic calendar.

As it says in the hadith: “Allah shall raise for this Umma at the head of every century a man who shall renew (or revive) for it its religion” (Sunan Abu Dawud)

The Mujaddid’s objective is to revive Islam, remove from it any extraneous elements and to restore it to its pristine state. A Mujaddid might be a caliph, a founder of a sufi order, a saint (wali), a prominent teacher, a scholar or some other kind of influential person.Usually all those who are considered to be the Mujaddid may not compulsory that they claim. They can be recognize by their work for Islam and its revival. [Wikipedia]

Mujaddid Alif-sani would mean reviver of Islam in the second millennium. Even though his name was familiar, I never knew the exact location of Sirhind till a friend I was visiting in Chandigarh told me about it. It was the place where Ahmed al-Faruqi was born on the day of Ashura, the 10th of Muharram in the year 971 Hijri or 1564 AD.

He received his knowledge and education through his father and through many shaikhs in his time. He made progress in three tariqats: Suhrawardiyya, Qadiriyya, and Chistiyya. He was given permission to train followers in all three tariqats at the age of 17 years. He was busy in spreading the teachings of these tariqats and in guiding his followers, yet he felt that something was missing in himself and he was continuously searching for it. He felt an interest in the Naqshbandi Sufi Order, because he could see by means of the secrets of the other three tariqats that it was the best and highest. His spiritual progress eventually brought him to the presence of the Ghawth and Qutb of his time, ash-Shaikh Muhammad al-Baqi, who had been sent from Samarqand to India by the order of his shaikh, Muhammad al-Amkanaki. He took the Naqshbandi Order from the shaikh and stayed with him for two months and some days, until Sayyidina Muhammad al-Baqi opened to his heart the secret of this tariqat and gave him authorization to train his murids in the Order. [Wikipedia]

A high point of Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi’s life was his confrontation with Akbar and then with his successor Jahangir. Things came to such a pass that he was incarcerated in the Fort of Gwalior for three years. Eventually, he was freed by the Emperor and went back to preaching in Sirhind where he died in 1624 AD. He is largely credited to have led the revival of Islam in India in the 16th-17th century. However, some scholars have criticized his role saying that he steered the intellectual discourse away from the liberal dogma during the times of Akbar and Jahangir. Others have criticized him for his alleged role in the assassination of Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Guru of Sikhism, in 1606 at the hands of Jahangir who suspected Arjan Dev of helping his rebellious son, Khusrau.

Sheikh Ahmed SirhindSheikh Ahmed Sirhind

The entrance to his shrine is imposing and a mosque is situated adjacent to the shrine. The plaque at the top of the main gate reads:

bismillah ar rahmaan ar rahiim
laa ilaahaa illalaah muhammad rasuul allah

mazaar puranvaar Hazrat Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alifsani Sheikh ahmed Faruqui Naqshbandi Sirhindi rahmat ullah alaihu

It roughly translates into:

In the name of Allah, Most Magnificent, Most Merciful
There is no God but Allah and Mohammad is His Messenger

The illuminated mausoleum of Hazrat Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alifsani Sheikh ahmed Faruqui Naqshbandi Sirhindi (may Allah have mercy upon him)

The plaque also tells us that the construction was done in 1925 AD which is not is fairly recent. As it is the case with Taj Mahal the mausoleum of Sheikh Ahmed Sarhind is also built in two stories. A demo grave at the top and the actual grave at the bottom.

Demo Grave Sheikh Ahmed SirhindActual Grave Sheikh Ahmed Sirhind

WishesOne of the interesting sights at the mausoleum is this intricate marble work made colorful by wish-threads tied by the devotees. For every wish they solicit through Sheikh, the devotees tie a thread. Today Sirhind Sharif receives many of its visitors from other parts of North India who are going to Ajmer Sharif for the annual Urs and stop at Sirhind along the way. The population of Muslims is minuscule in Punjab and a large percentage consists of immigrant workers from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Quite close to the dargah of Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi stands Fatehgarh Sahib Gurudwara and holds an exalted status in the eyes of Sikhs. It is the place where the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked alive.

After the heroic death of two elder sons of Guru Gobind Singh, in the battle of Chamkaur, on December22, 1704 his two younger sons, namely, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh were done to death, by being bricked alive in the fort of Sirhind on December 28, 1704 by the order of the tyrant Nawab Wazir Khan. Mata Gujri, grandmother of the two Sahibzadas expired due to the shock of brutal murder of her two grand children. A Hindu Philanthropist Dewan Todar Mal cremated three dead bodies with the help of other devotees of the Guru. He purchased the land by paying gold coins to the muslim Zamindar named Atta. Here stands the Gurdwara Jyoti Swarup. A big hall with a seating capacity for 5,000 persons has been recently constructed. It has been named Dewan Todar Mal Hall. [All About Sikhs]

Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib

Sirhind, like many other places of historical importance dotting North Indian landscape has been largely forgotten but will feature prominently whenever we look back into the past.

Warning!

20 Jul

As salaatu was salaamu ‘alayka Ya Sayyidina Ya Rasulullah (Salla Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam)

As salaamu ‘Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuhu

Some people say we should unite with the Wahabies/Salafies, Deobandis and Shia. They say “it’s only a small difference”, “they read namaaz and have a beard”, etc.

These people should read Imam Ahle Sunnah AlaHazrat’s (Rahmathulahi Ta’ala alay) brilliant answer regarding the issue of associating with the ‘misled’.

To associate with the misled is dangerous and can be very destructive. There is a great chance of you also becoming misled.”

Sayyidina RasoolAllah (sall’Allahu Ta’ala alayhi wa’sallam) states:

Keep them (misled) far from you, keep yourself far from them, so that they may not mislead you and put you into disarray (Fitnah). (Sahih Muslim, Vol 1, p.73, Hadith no.4)

One who depends on his desires indeed depends on a big liar. It is said:

The Nafs (desire) is a big liar when it swears an oath. So how great a liar will the Nafs be when it does not fulfil its promises.

It is narrated in a Sahih Hadith Sharif, that when Dajjal will appear, some people will set only to watch him just for the sake of fun. They will say, “We are strong on our Din and he will not mislead us.” When they will see Dajjal, he will mislead them and convert them.

Another Hadith Sharif states, “Those who keep friendship with the Kuf’far (and misled) do indeed belong to their community.”

Imam Jalal al Din al Suyuti (Rahmathulahi Ta’ala alay) said that once a man could not recite the Kalimah before his death because he continuously used to be in the company of the misled (Shia).

If this is the condition and conclusion of sitting in the company of those who insult the Sahaba, then what will be the state of those who associate with the Wahhabi, Deobandi and Qadiyani? They are not only insulting the Sahaba and the Ahle Bayt, but even the integrity of Sayyidina RasoolAllah and the Almighty Allah.

Wal Hamdu Lillah rab il ‘Aalameen

Critical analysis of Dr.Israr’s Comments on Hazrat Ali (R.A)

19 Jul

Here We Have attepmted to bring down some of the Opinions which examines the authenticity ,relevancy and Importance of Staement of Dr.Israr Ahmad that Hazrat ali Led the Prayer while Intoxicated and he Committed mistake. Unreferenced Quotes By:  Imran From which hadith collection did he get the wordsSharaab jin ki gutthi mei pari thi woh to itni baat par chorne wale nahin the”?

What does that imply and who is he posibly implicating?

Preceeded by that he said about surah 2 verse 219, he states “toh bohut se loagon ne to sharab ussi waqt tark kardi,ishara pa gaiye”

How true is the following? With reference to History By:Imran
According to the History of Arabia, the first man who abandoned wine in the pre-Islamic period was Walid b. Mughira who visualized its harms. Another report mentions the name of Qais b. Asim. Some other persons who avoided drinking wine before the advent of Islam were:

Muqis b. Sababa, ‘Abdul Muttalic-the grand father of our Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), Abu Talib-father of Hadrat ‘Ali (Allah be pleased with him), Qusayy b. Kilab, Warqa b. Naufal-the nephew of Hadrat Khadija (Allah be please with her)-Shaiba b. Rabi’a and ‘Abbas b. Maradas.

It is reported that people said to ‘Abbas b. Maradas, “Why don’t you drink wine while it increases warmth? ” He replied, ” I am not going to hold my ignorance in my hand and put it into my stomach, nor do I like to be the leader of a people in the morning and turn to be a foolish one in the evening.” These words are of a man who lived in the age of Ignorance and had great regard for reason and nobility. He did not like lowliness and insanity. What a wisdom which these words impart! Is there any soul to receive exhortation?

In the similar way, the prominent Companions of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), like Hadrat Abu Bakr, Hadrat ‘Uthman and Hadrat ‘Ali (Allah be pleased with them) abstained from drinking wine during the pre-Islamic period. Hadrat ‘Uthman (Allah be please with him) was asked why he had not touched alcohol even during his pre-Islamic life. His answer was, “al-Khamr ‘robs’ the mind totally; and I have not yet seen anything which when entirely ‘robbed’ or curtailed will come back in its original intact form”. Another contemporary of Hadrat ‘Uthman (Allah be pleased with him) refused to drink wine. He said, ” I refuse to consume that which consumes my mind.”

So Siddique e akbar,hadrat uthman and both the father and grandfather of Hadrat Ali ((Radi Allah Anhum ajmaeen) did not drink wine even during pre islamic era despite it being permissable,due to them thinking that it no good and harmful but Ali (Alahe Salam) is accepted as having indulged in getting intoxicated to the extent that even salaah(standing in front of Allah)gets corrupted?

What Imam Tirmidhi himself classifies as gharib we try to justify and authenticate by making excuses as to how Hadrat Ali would not be sinful (as it would have been mubah etc etc),bearing in mind that such a substance was disliked by the Prophet (SalAllaho Alahi WaAlehi Wasalam) and others too and alot of sahaaba had totally stopped after verse of surah baqarah being revealed.
Why do you think that classical mufassirs like,razi,baydawi, qurtubi even ibn kathir and even modern ones like pir karam shah al azhari have not mentioned Hadrat Ali by name in regards to this incident in the respective tafseers?

Any such narration that does not befit the stature of RasoolAllah or his Ahle bayt should really be put to one side,not
given precedence over their reality!

Aslamu alikum…       by :Sag-e-Darbar-eJilani
So Many Versions
….If he can find one narration with Hazrat Ali’s name, why cant he find the other narrations which do not mention hazrat Ali. It’s deliberate on his part not to mention other narrations. If we as layman find so many different version of the same event, then he is supposedly called a “Scholar” . Perhaps the difference lies in the fact that we alhamdolillah are the true Shia’ane Ali and he is a salafi full of hatred for Ahle Bait                                                                                                                                                                   Dr.Israr’s defending himself .  By:Abdul Hamid                                          After listening to his defensive statement, i think Dr israr is trying pulling a wool over our eyes!, he has qoutes sources suchs sunan abu dawud, ibn katheer, at tabiree, and the great khaarji and ghustaakh Albaani but we do agree that the hadith is in sunan tirmizi, it does at no point mention Imam Ali (Radi Allah Anhu) as the person who leads the prayer! so the question remains on what basis did he have the nerve to mention this on tv? knowing it may lead to uproar!

Many hadith that have been gathered were transmitted by the khwaarij and those that hated Imam Ali such as those from shaam which was under the umayyad control during its time, even buhkhari has certain hadith that were tranmittted from them aswel.

In the final part of his statement he says he has love for Imam Ali(Radi Allah Anhu) and had no intention of insulting him or his honour, well uve done exactly that.

waslaam .

Builders erase Mecca’s history

11 Jul

 

“Dr. Al Alawi : We are destroying physical links to our past and turning our religion and history into a legend”

 

 

 

Some of Islam’s historic sites in Mecca, possibly including a home of the Prophet Mohammad, are under threat from Saudi real estate developers and Wahhabi Muslims who view them as promoting idolatry.

 

 

 

Dr. Irfan Al Alawi, an expert on the region’s Islamic architecture, said 1,400-year-old buildings from the early Islamic period risk being demolished to make way for high rise towers for Muslims flocking to perform the annual pilgrimage to Islam’s holiest city.

 

 

 

“We are witnessing now the last few moments of the history of Mecca,” Dr. Al Alawi told Reuters. “Layers of history are being bulldozed for a parking lot,” he added.

 

 

 

Dr. Al Alawi estimated that over the past 50 years at least 300 historical buildings had been leveled in Mecca and Medina, another Muslim holy city containing the prophet’s tomb.

 

 

 

Wahhabism, Saudi Arabia‘s dominant doctrine which promotes a strict narrow interpretation of Islam, was largely to blame, he said.

 

 

 

“They (Wahhabis) have not allowed preservation of old buildings, especially those related to the prophet. They fear other Muslims will come to see these buildings as blessed and this could lead to polytheism and idolatry.”

 

 

 

The Washington-based Saudi Institute, an independent news gathering group, says most Islamic landmarks have been destroyed since Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932. It cited a 1994 edict by the kingdom’s senior council of religious scholars which ruled that preserving historical buildings might lead to polytheism.

 

 

 

Dr. Al Alawi, who founded the Islamic Heritage Research Foundation to study and preserve Mecca and Medina’s rich history, claims to have identified a home of the Prophet Mohammad. But he is reluctant to publicise its location fearing it would be demolished like Dar al Arqam – the first school in Islam where the prophet taught.

 

 

 

Dr. Al Alawi’s views were echoed elsewhere.

 

 

 

In London, Mr Geoffrey King, Islamic art and archaeology specialist at the School of Oriental and African Studies, said the fate of Islamic historic sites in Saudi Arabia was “depressing”.

 

 

 

“The religious authorities have failed to appreciate the significance of these buildings to Muslims and scholars worldwide,” said Mr King, who taught for several years in the kingdom and stressed many young Saudis agreed with him.

 

 

 

Followers of  Wahhabism say Muslims should focus on Mecca’s Grand Mosque, which contains the Kaaba – an ancient structure that more than 4 million Muslims visit each year as part of  Haj and Umra pilgrimages.

 

 

 

Real estate firms see massive demand for new accommodation to house up to 20 million pilgrims expected to visit Islam’s holiest city annually over the coming years as authorities relax entry restrictions for pilgrims.

 

 

 

“The infrastructure at the moment cannot cope. New hotels, apartments and services are badly needed,” the director of a leading real estate company said, estimating that developers are spending around 50 billion riyals ($13 billion) on projects in the city.

 

 

 

Dominating these is the 10 billion riyal Jabal Omar scheme. Covering a 230,000 square yard area adjacent to the Grand Mosque, the seven-year project consists of several towers containing hotels, apartments, shops and restaurants.

 

 

 

Dr. Al Alawi said these developments will dwarf Mecca’s Grand Mosque and are a sign of crasscommercialisation.

 

 

 

“Mecca is being treated like a bad copy of any city when it is a sanctuary. The house of god is beingcommercialised and these developments are disrespectful and totally out of proportion.”

 

 

 

But the Jabal Omar Development Company, the firm behind the project, said it was changing Mecca for the better, not least in demolishing more than 1,000 poorly built homes that clung precariously to the hillsides around the Grand Mosque.

 

 

 

The firm said around 70,000 residents from 29 different nationalities used to live on the Jabal Omar site before selling up and moving into better quality housing elsewhere.

 

 

 

The residents of a similar neighborhood close by seemed to be equally eager to attract developers.

 

 

 

Mr Ali Hussein, a 38-year-old originally from Myanmar, lives in a cramped house deep within a network of unpaved, rubbish-strewn alleyways. “The people that moved away now live in nice homes,” he said as a stray cat skipped over a puddle of sewage nearby.

 

 

 

 

 

“This is a very poor area. We hope another investor will come,” said Mr Amin Rafie, a local community ombudsman, adding that residents would likely be offered a handsome price for their disheveled homes in Saudi Arabia’s oil-driven real estate boom.

 

 

 

But Dr.Al Alawi wasn’t convinced of the developers’ motives.

 

 

 

“We have to accommodate these new pilgrims, but do we have to do it in high rise towers? Making money seems to be the bottom line here,” he said.

 

 

 

“We are destroying physical links to our past and turning our religion and history into a legend,” he said.

 

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